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Pervaporation dehydration of isopropyl alcohol with NaY zeolite incorvorated hybrid membranes

Kulkarni, S.S., Kittur, A.A., Kariduraganavar, M.Y. and Davis, F.J. (2008) Pervaporation dehydration of isopropyl alcohol with NaY zeolite incorvorated hybrid membranes. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 109 (3). pp. 2043-2053. ISSN 0021-8995

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/app.28228

Abstract/Summary

With a solution technique, NaY zeolite incorporated, tetraethylorthosilicate-crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes were prepared. The resulting membranes were tested for their ability to separate isopropyl alcohol/water mixtures by pervaporation in the temperature range of 30-50 degrees C. The effects of the zeolite content and feed composition on the pervaporation performance of the membranes were investigated. The experimental results demonstrated that both flux and selectivity increased simultaneously with increasing zeolite content in the membranes. This was explained on the basis of the enhancement of hydrophilicity, selective adsorption, and establishment of a molecular sieving action attributed to the creation of pores in the membrane matrix. The membrane containing 15 mass % zeolite exhibited the highest separation selectivity of 3991 with a flux of 5.39 X 10(-2) kg/m(2) h with 10 mass % water in the feed at 30 degrees C. The total flux and flux of water were close to each other for almost all the studied membranes, and this suggested that the membranes could be used effectively to break the azeotropic point of water/isopropyl alcohol mixtures to remove a small amount of water from isopropyl alcohol. From the temperature-dependent diffusion and permeation values, the Arrhenius activation parameters were estimated. The activation energy values obtained for water were significantly lower than those for isopropyl alcohol, and this suggested that the developed membranes had a higher separation efficiency for water/isopropyl alcohol systems. The activation energy values for total permeation and water permeation were found to be almost the same for all the membranes, and this signified that coupled transport was minimal because of the highly selective nature of the membranes. Positive heat of sorption values were observed in all the membranes, and this suggested that Henry's mode of sorption was predominant. (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, lnc.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11414
Uncontrolled Keywords:activation energy, diffusion, membranes, selectivity, zeolites , LINKED POLY(VINYL ALCOHOL), ACETIC ACID MIXTURES, SILICONE-RUBBER MEMBRANES, COMPOSITE MEMBRANES, WATER MIXTURES, SODIUM ALGINATE, CHITOSAN MEMBRANES, POLYMER MEMBRANES, ETHANOL-WATER, QUATERNIZED CHITOSAN

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