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Intermediate ion stability and regio selectivity polymerization using neutral salicyladiminato in propene nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes as catalysts

Liu, Y. and Drew, M.G.B. (2007) Intermediate ion stability and regio selectivity polymerization using neutral salicyladiminato in propene nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes as catalysts. Journal of Molecular Structure-Theochem, 809 (1-3). pp. 29-37. ISSN 0166-1280

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.theochem.2007.01.002

Abstract/Summary

The mechanism of the Heck reaction has been studied with regard to transition metal catalysis of the addition of propene and the formation of unsaturated polymers. The reactivity of nickel and palladium complexes with five different bidentate ligands with O,N donor atoms has been investigated by computational methods involving density functional theory. Hence, it is possible to understand the electronic and steric factors affecting the reaction and their relative importance in determining the products formed in regard of their control of the regiochemistry of the products. Our results show that whether the initial addition of propene is trans to O or to N of the bidentate ligand is of crucial importance to the subsequent reactions. Thus when the propene is trans to 0, 1,2-insertion is favoured, but when the propene is trans to N, then 2,1-insertion is favoured. This difference in the preferred insertion pathway can be related to the charge distribution engendered in the propene moiety when the complex is formed. Indeed charge effects are important for catalytic activity but also for regioselectivity. Steric effects are shown to be of lesser importance even when t-butyl is introduced into the bidentate ligand as a substituent. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:11434
Uncontrolled Keywords:heck reaction, propene insertion, nickel catalysts, palladium, catalysts, density functional theory, DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY, HECK REACTION, ORGANOPALLADIUM COMPOUNDS, REGIOCHEMISTRY, OLEFINS, DFT

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