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Trans fatty acids and weight gain

Thompson, A. K., Minihane, A.-M. and Williams, A. K. (2010) Trans fatty acids and weight gain. International Journal of Obesity, 35 (3). pp. 315-324. ISSN 1476-5497

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2010.141

Abstract/Summary

Increasing rates of obesity have stimulated research into possible contributing factors, including specific dietary components such as trans fatty acids (TFAs). This review considers the evidence for an association between TFA intake and weight gain. It concludes that there is limited but consistent evidence from epidemiological studies, and from a primate model, that increased TFA consumption may result in a small additional weight gain. Data from a long-term study in a primate model suggest that TFA may have a greater adipogenic effect than cis monounsaturated fatty acids; however, there are currently inadequate mechanistic data to provide a comprehensive and plausible explanation for any such metabolic differences between the types of fatty acids.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:18909
Uncontrolled Keywords:trans-fatty acids; weight gain; dietary fat; fat distribution; fatty acid oxidation; weight retention
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group

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