A helmet mounted display system with active gaze control for visual telepresence
Brooker, J. P., Sharkey, P. M., Wann, J. P. and Plooy, A. M. (1999) A helmet mounted display system with active gaze control for visual telepresence. Mechatronics, 9 (7). pp. 703-716. ISSN 0957-4158
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/S0957-4158(99)00033-1
The objective of a Visual Telepresence System is to provide the operator with a high fidelity image from a remote stereo camera pair linked to a pan/tilt device such that the operator may reorient the camera position by use of head movement. Systems such as these which utilise virtual reality style helmet mounted displays have a number of limitations. The geometry of the camera positions and of the displays is generally fixed and is most suitable only for viewing elements of a scene at a particular distance. To address such limitations, a prototype system has been developed where the geometry of the displays and cameras is dynamically controlled by the eye movement of the operator. This paper explores why it is necessary to actively adjust the display system as well as the cameras and justifies the use of mechanical adjustment of the displays as an alternative to adjustment by electronic or image processing methods. The electronic and mechanical design is described including optical arrangements and control algorithms. The performance and accuracy of the system is assessed with respect to eye movement.