BbgIV is an important Bifidobacterium β-galactosidase for the synthesis of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides at high temperatures
Osman, A., Tzortzis, G., Rastall, R. A. and Charalampopoulos, D. (2012) BbgIV is an important Bifidobacterium β-galactosidase for the synthesis of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides at high temperatures. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (3). pp. 740-748. ISSN 0021-8561
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jf204719w
The individual contribution of four β-galactosidases present in Bifidobacterium bifidum NCIMB 41171 towards galactooligosaccharides (GOS) synthesis was investigated. Although the β-galactosidase activity of the whole cells significantly decreased as a function of temperature (40 to 75 °C), GOS yield was at its maximum at 65 °C. Native-PAGE electrophoresis of the whole cells showed that the contribution of BbgIII and BbgIV towards GOS synthesis increased as the temperature increased. Moreover, BbgIII and BbgIV were found to be more temperature stable and to produce a higher GOS yield than BbgI and BbgII, when used in their free form. The GOS yield using BbgIV was 54.8 % (% of total carbohydrates) and 63.9 % (% lactose converted to GOS) at 65 °C from 43 % w/w lactose. It was shown that BbgIV is the most important β-galactosidase in B. bifidum NCIMB 41171 and can be used for GOS synthesis at elevated temperatures.