Resource determinants of strategy and performance: the case of British exporters
Beleska-Spasova, E., Glaister, K. W. and Stride, C. (2012) Resource determinants of strategy and performance: the case of British exporters. Journal of World Business, 47 (4). pp. 635-647. ISSN 1090-9516
To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.jwb.2011.09.001
This study adopts the RBV of the firm in order to identify critical advantage-generating resources and capabilities with strong positive export strategy and performance implications. The proposed export performance model is tested using a structural equation modeling approach on a sample of 356 British exporters. We examine the individual as well as the concurrent (simultaneous) direct and indirect effects of five resource bundles on export performance. We find that four resources/capabilities: managerial, knowledge, planning, and technology, have a significant positive direct effect on export performance, while relational and physical resources exhibited no unique positive effect. We also find that the firm’s export strategy mediates the resource-performance nexus in the case of managerial and knowledge-based resources. The theoretical and methodological grounding of this study contributes to the advancement of export related research by providing better specification of the nature of the effects – direct or indirect – of particular resource factors on export performance.