Chaos in high performance digital robot controllers
Daniel, R.W. and Sharkey, P. (1990) Chaos in high performance digital robot controllers. In: 29th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, 1990, 5-7, Dec., 1990, Honolulu, Hawaii, pp. 1951-1952.
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1109/CDC.1990.203963
Active robot force control requires some form of dynamic inner loop control for stability. The author considers the implementation of position-based inner loop control on an industrial robot fitted with encoders only. It is shown that high gain velocity feedback for such a robot, which is effectively stationary when in contact with a stiff environment, involves problems beyond the usual caveats on the effects of unknown environment stiffness. It is shown that it is possible for the controlled joint to become chaotic at very low velocities if encoder edge timing data are used for velocity measurement. The results obtained indicate that there is a lower limit on controlled velocity when encoders are the only means of joint measurement. This lower limit to speed is determined by the desired amount of loop gain, which is itself determined by the severity of the nonlinearities present in the drive system.