The role of rodents as carriers of disease on UK farms: a preliminary investigation
Stuart, A., Prescott, C., MacIntyre, S., Sethar, A., Neuman, B., McCarthy, N. D., Wimalarathna, H. and Maiden, M. C. J. (2011) The role of rodents as carriers of disease on UK farms: a preliminary investigation. In: 8th European Vertebrate Pest Management Conference, 26-30 September 2011, Berlin, Germany, pp. 198-199. (In Press) (Proceedings of the 8th European Vertebrate Pest Management Conference)
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In the UK, Campylobacter spp. and Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV), an Old World arenavirus, cause two zoonoses of concern that may be transmissible from rodents to humans and livestock. The aims of this preliminary investigation were to examine the occurrence of Campylobacter spp. and LCMV in Norway rats Rattus norvegicus on UK farms and to identify and characterise the Sequence Types of the Campylobacter isolates. Samples were collected from wild Norway rats and fresh Norway rat faeces. Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) was performed on C. spp. isolates and samples were tested for arenavirus RNA by RT-PCR. Six C. spp. isolates were identified. One isolate was C. lari and five isolates were C. jejuni. Following MSLT profiling, three unique C. jejuni sequence types were identified. Two of which are novel and the third is typically associated with livestock and human infection. Nine positive results for LCMV were obtained giving an overall prevalence of 25% across four sites. This is higher than previously reported for this species.