What determines the out-of-home placement of children in the USA?
Bhatti-Sinclair, K. and Sutcliffe, C. (2012) What determines the out-of-home placement of children in the USA? Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (9). pp. 1749-1755. ISSN 0190-7409
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.05.004
Using NCANDS data of US child maltreatment reports for 2009, logistic regression, probit analysis, discriminant analysis and an artificial neural network are used to determine the factors which explain the decision to place a child in out-of-home care. As well as developing a new model for 2009, a previous study using 2005 data is replicated. While there are many small differences, the four estimation techniques give broadly the same results, demonstrating the robustness of the results. Similarly, apart from age and sexual abuse, the 2005 and 2009 results are roughly similar. For 2009, child characteristics (particularly child emotional problems) are more important than the nature of the abuse and the situation of the household; while caregiver characteristics are the least important. All these models have low explanatory power.
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