The effect of increased convective entrainment on Asian monsoon biases in the MetUM General Circulation Model
Bush, S. J., Turner, A. G., Woolnough, S. J., Martin, G. M. and Klingaman, N. P. (2015) The effect of increased convective entrainment on Asian monsoon biases in the MetUM General Circulation Model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (686). pp. 311-326. ISSN 1477-870X
To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/qj.2371
We demonstrate that summer precipitation biases in the South Asian monsoon domain are sensitive to increasing the convective parametrisation’s entrainment and detrainment rates in the Met Ofﬁce Uniﬁed Model. We explore this sensitivity to improve our understanding of the biases and inform efforts to improve convective parametrisation. We perform novel targeted experiments in which we increase the entrainment and detrainment rates in regions of especially large precipitation bias. We use these experiments to determine whether the sensitivity at a given location is a consequence of the local change to convection or is a remote response to the change elsewhere. We ﬁnd that a local change leads to different mean-state responses in comparable regions. When the entrainment and detrainment rates are increased globally, feedbacks between regions usually strengthen the local responses. We choose two regions of tropical ascent that show different mean-state responses, the western equatorial Indian Ocean and western north Paciﬁc, and analyse them as case studies to determine the mechanisms leading to the different responses. Our results indicate that several aspects of a region’s mean-state, including moisture content, sea surface temperature and circulation, play a role in local feedbacks that determine the response to increased entrainment and detrainment.