Shine, K. P. (2014) Climate change. In: Harrison, R. M. (ed.) Pollution : causes, effects and control. 5th edition. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, pp. 326-339. ISBN 9781849736480
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This chapter presents a broad overview of understanding of climate change over the past century or so, together with a discussion of some of the uncertainties. It provides a background to the developments in understanding of climate change, presents evidence that climate has changed and assesses the mechanisms that cause climate change, with a particular emphasis on those due to human activity. The concepts underlying climate modelling are introduced and results are then presented that strongly support the view that human activity has played a major role in the observed climate change over the past 50 years. Possible changes in climate over the coming century are then discussed.