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The role of uncomposted materials, composts, manures, and compost extracts in reducing pest and disease incidence and severity in sustainable temperate agricultural and horticultural crop production - A review

Litterick, A. M., Harrier, L., Wallace, P., Watson, C. A. and Wood, M. (2004) The role of uncomposted materials, composts, manures, and compost extracts in reducing pest and disease incidence and severity in sustainable temperate agricultural and horticultural crop production - A review. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 23 (6). pp. 453-479. ISSN 0735-2689

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1080/07352680490886815

Abstract/Summary

This review evaluates evidence of the impact of uncomposted plant residues, composts, manures, and liquid preparations made from composts (compost extracts and teas) on pest and disease incidence and severity in agricultural and horticultural crop production. Most reports on pest control using such organic amendments relate to tropical or and climates. The majority of recent work on the use of organic amendments for prevention and control of diseases relates to container-produced plants, particularly ornamentals. However, there is growing interest in the potential for using composts to prevent and control diseases in temperate agricultural and horticultural field crops and information concerning their use and effectiveness is slowly increasing. The impact of uncomposted plant residues, composts, manures, and compost extracts/teas on pests and diseases is discussed in relation to sustainable temperate field and protected cropping systems. The factors affecting efficacy or such organic amendments in preventing and controlling pests and disease are examined and the mechanisms through which control is achieved are described.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:3754
Uncontrolled Keywords:agriculture compost composted compost tea crop production crop protection disease incidence horticulture manure pest severity uncomposted RHIZOCTONIA DAMPING-OFF PYTHIUM ROOT-ROT PLANT-PARASITIC NEMATODES ORGANIC FARMING SYSTEMS SOIL MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES MATTER DECOMPOSITION LEVEL CONTAINER MEDIA HARDWOOD BARK WATER EXTRACTS GREEN MANURE
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