A new South American network to study the atmospheric electric field and its variations related to geophysical phenomena
Tacza, J., Raulin, J.-P., Macotela, E., Norabuena, E., Fernandez, G., Correia, E., Rycroft, M.J. and Harrison, R.G. (2014) A new South American network to study the atmospheric electric field and its variations related to geophysical phenomena. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 120. pp. 70-79. ISSN 1364-6826
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.09.001
In this paper we present the capability of a new network of field mill sensors to monitor the atmospheric electric field at various locations in South America; we also show some early results. The main objective of the new network is to obtain the characteristic Universal Time diurnal curve of the atmospheric electric field in fair weather, known as the Carnegie curve. The Carnegie curve is closely related to the current sources flowing in the Global Atmospheric Electric Circuit so that another goal is the study of this relationship on various time scales (transient/monthly/seasonal/annual). Also, by operating this new network, we may also study departures of the Carnegie curve from its long term average value related to various solar, geophysical and atmospheric phenomena such as the solar cycle, solar flares and energetic charged particles, galactic cosmic rays, seismic activity and specific meteorological events. We then expect to have a better understanding of the influence of these phenomena on the Global Atmospheric Electric Circuit and its time-varying behavior.