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Emulsification properties of polysaccharides from Dioscorea opposita Thunb

Ma, F., Zhang, Y., Wen, Y., Yao, Y., Zhu, J., Liu, X., Bell, A. and Tikkanen-Kaukanen, C. (2017) Emulsification properties of polysaccharides from Dioscorea opposita Thunb. Food Chemistry, 221. pp. 919-925. ISSN 0308-8146

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.11.073

Abstract/Summary

This study investigated the emulsification properties of polysaccharides from Dioscorea opposita Thunb. Graded alcohol precipitation was used to extract Dioscorea opposita polysaccharides fractions (4 samples) in different ranges of molecular weight. Sample 3 contained more glucose and protein (80.13% and 0.34%, respectively), and molecular weight was approximately 34,790 Da, distributing narrowly. The droplet sizes and stabilities of emulsions made of gum arabic (GA) and polysaccharide samples at different concentrations and ratios were measured, specifically the emulsions of GA and medium-chain-triglycerides (MCT); polysaccharides and MCT; and polysaccharides, GA and MCT (1:1:1). The results indicated that sample 2 and 3 had emulsifying properties, and the emulsions made with sample 2, GA and MCT (1:1:1) presented the best emulsification properties. Therefore, polysaccharides of Dioscorea opposita could be utilised as a natural emulsifier that can be improved synergistically with other emulsifiers, such as gum arabic.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Research Group
ID Code:68535
Publisher:Elsevier

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