Design and development of non-contact bio-potential electrodes for pervasive health monitoring applications
Portelli, A. J. and Nasuto, S. J. (2017) Design and development of non-contact bio-potential electrodes for pervasive health monitoring applications. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 7 (1). 2. ISSN 0956-5663
To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/bios7010002
For the advent of pervasive bio-potential monitoring, it will be necessary to utilize a combination of cheap, quick to apply, low-noise electrodes and compact electronics with wireless technologies. Once available, all electrical activity resulting from the processes of the human body could be actively and constantly monitored without the need for cumbersome application and maintenance. This could significantly improve the early diagnosis of a range of different conditions in high-risk individuals, opening the possibility for new treatments and interventions as conditions develop. This paper presents the design and implementation of compact, non-contact capacitive bio-potential electrodes utilising a low impedance current-to-voltage configuration and a bootstrapped voltage follower, demonstrating results applicable to research applications for capacitive electrocardiography and capacitive electromyography. The presented electrodes use few components, have a small surface area and are capable of acquiring a range of bio-potential signals.