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Skillful spring forecasts of September Arctic sea ice extent using passive microwave sea ice observations

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Petty, A. A., Schroeder, D., Stroeve, J. C., Markus, T., Miller, J., Kurtz, N. T., Feltham, D. L. and Flocco, D. (2017) Skillful spring forecasts of September Arctic sea ice extent using passive microwave sea ice observations. Earth's Future, 5 (2). pp. 254-263. ISSN 2328-4277

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/2016EF000495

Abstract/Summary

In this study, we demonstrate skillful spring forecasts of detrended September Arctic sea ice extent using passive microwave observations of sea ice concentration (SIC) and melt onset (MO). We compare these to forecasts produced using data from a sophisticated melt pond model, and find similar to higher skill values, where the forecast skill is calculated relative to linear trend persistence. The MO forecasts shows the highest skill in March–May, while the SIC forecasts produce the highest skill in June–August, especially when the forecasts are evaluated over recent years (since 2008). The high MO forecast skill in early spring appears to be driven primarily by the presence and timing of open water anomalies, while the high SIC forecast skill appears to be driven by both open water and surface melt processes. Spatial maps of detrended anomalies highlight the drivers of the different forecasts, and enable us to understand regions of predictive importance. Correctly capturing sea ice state anomalies, along with changes in open water coverage appear to be key processes in skillfully forecasting summer Arctic sea ice.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:69489
Publisher:Wiley

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