Mining, grievance and conflict in rural Tanzania
Carstens, J. and Hilson, G. (2009) Mining, grievance and conflict in rural Tanzania. International Development Planning Review, 31 (3). pp. 301-326. ISSN 1474-6743
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To link to this article DOI: 10.3828/idpr.31.3.5
This paper provides an extended analysis of the tensions that have surfaced between large-scale mine operators and artisanal miners in gold-rich areas of rural Tanzania. The literature on grievance is used to contextualise, these disputes, the underlying cause of which is artisanal miners' mounting frustration over not being able to secure viable concessions to work. Newly implemented legislation has, for the most part, empowered foreign large-scale mine operators, while simultaneously disempowering indigenous small-scale miners. In many cases, the former have addressed mounting security and community problems on their own. Until the country's major mine operators extend assistance to marginalised small-scale mining groups, the likelihood of violent conflict unfolding between these parties will increase.
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