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Unraveling the adipose tissue proteome of transition cows through severe negative energy balance

Piras, C., Morittu, V. M., Spina, A. A., Soggiu, A., Greco, V., Ramé, C., Briant, E., Mellouk, N., Tilocca, B., Bonizzi, L., Roncada, P. and Dupont, J. (2019) Unraveling the adipose tissue proteome of transition cows through severe negative energy balance. Animals, 9 (12). e1013. ISSN 2076-2615

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/ani9121013

Abstract/Summary

Fat mobilization in high-yielding dairy cows during early lactation occurs to overcome negative energy balance (NEB), caused by insufficient feed intake and the concomitant increased nutritional requirements. For this reason, adipose tissue represents an essential organ for healthy and performant lactation. However, only a few data are known about adipose tissue proteome and its metabolic status during peripartum. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential proteomics profiles of subcutaneous adipose tissue belonging to cows with different NEB scores (low NEB and severe NEB). Both groups were analyzed at three different time points (one month before calving, one and sixteen weeks after calving) that were related to different levels and rates of adipose tissue mobilization. The dataset highlighted the differential expression of the same four key proteins (annexin A2, actin-related protein 10, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and fatty acid-binding protein) involved in lipid metabolism during all time points and of other 22 proteins typical of the other comparisons among remaining time points. The obtained dataset suggested that the individual variability in adipose tissue metabolism/mobilization/energy availability could be linked to the different outcomes in levels of energy balance and related physical complications among dairy cows during peripartum.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:87433
Uncontrolled Keywords:energy requirements, peripartum, fat mobilization, proteomics
Publisher:MDPI

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