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Synthesis and property measurements of thermoelectric materials

Vaqueiro, P. ORCID: (2022) Synthesis and property measurements of thermoelectric materials. In: Powell, A. V. (ed.) Inorganic Thermoelectric Materials: From Fundamental Concepts to Materials Design. Inorganic Materials Series (9). Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, pp. 1-52. ISBN 9781788017596

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1039/9781788019590


Research in thermoelectric materials involves the synthesis, structural characterisation and measurement of thermal and electronic transport properties. It spans the fields of solid-state chemistry, condensed matter physics, materials science and engineering. This chapter provides an introduction, accessible to those with little prior experience in the field, to the synthetic approaches used for the preparation of thermoelectric materials, and to the measurement techniques employed for the characterisation of their transport properties. Methods for the preparation of powder and single-crystal samples are presented, together with the processes commonly used for the consolidation of samples into well-densified ingots. The measurement techniques for the properties required for the determination of the thermoelectric figure of merit, ZT, are described, together with their limitations and possible sources of error. Alternative approaches for the direct determination of ZT are also outlined, together with Hall coefficient measurements, reflecting the importance of charge-carrier concentration and mobility to the detailed understanding of thermoelectric materials.

Item Type:Book or Report Section
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:101504
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry

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