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Categorisation of antimicrobial use in Fijian livestock production systems

Khan, X., Rymer, C., Ray, P. ORCID: and Lim, R. ORCID: (2022) Categorisation of antimicrobial use in Fijian livestock production systems. Antibiotics, 11 (3). 294. ISSN 2079-6382

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics11030294


Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global threat to human and animal health. The use of antimicrobials in the livestock sector is considered to contribute to AMR. Therefore, a reduction and prudent use of antimicrobials in livestock production systems have been advocated. This cross-sectional survey aimed to investigate the extent of imprudent antimicrobial use (AMU) and to determine whether the AMU practice was affected by either farming system or species of farmed livestock in the largest island (Viti Levu) of Fiji. A total of 276 livestock enterprises were surveyed and antimicrobials were used on 309 occasions over 90 days. Overall, in 298 of 309 (96%) incidents, antimicrobials were used imprudently, comprising antibiotics, 160 of 170 (94%) and anthelmintics, 138 of 139 (99%). Prudent use of antibiotics was associated with commercial farming systems (X2=13, p=0.001), but no association was observed with anthelmintic use (p>0.05). Imprudent antibiotic use was associated with dairy (OR = 7.6, CI = 1.41,41.57, p = 0.018) followed by layer and beef (p>0.05) compared to broiler enterprises. Imprudent AMU was more common in the backyard and semi-commercial enterprises compared to commercial broiler enterprises. Poli-cies promoting the prudent use of antimicrobials in Fiji should focus on smaller livestock pro-duction systems and enterprises.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Animal Sciences > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)- DO NOT USE
Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Pharmacy Practice Research Group
ID Code:103470


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