Accessibility navigation


Prediction of nitrogen excretion from data on dairy cows fed a wide range of diets compiled in an intercontinental database: a meta-analysis

Bougouin, A., Hristov, A., Aguerre, M. J., Ahvenjärvi, S., Arndt, C., Bannink, A., Bayat, A. R., Benchaar, C., Boland, T., Brown, W. E., Crompton, L., Dehareng, F., Dijkstra, J., Dufrasne, L., Eugène, M., Froidmont, E., van Gastelen, S., Garnsworthy, P. C., Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A., Herremans, S. , Huhtanen, P., Johansen, M., Kidane, A., Kreuzer, M., Kuhla, B., Lessire, F., Lund, P., Minnée, E. M. K., Muñoz, C., Niu, M., Nozière, P., Pacheco, D., Prestløkken, E., Reynolds, C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4152-1190, Schwarm, A., Spek, J. W., Terranova, M., Vanhatalo, A., Wattiaux, M. A., Weisbjerg, M. R., Yáñez-Ruiz, D. R., Yu, Z. and Kebreab, E. (2022) Prediction of nitrogen excretion from data on dairy cows fed a wide range of diets compiled in an intercontinental database: a meta-analysis. Journal of Dairy Science. ISSN 0022-0302 (In Press)

[img] Text - Accepted Version
· Restricted to Repository staff only
· The Copyright of this document has not been checked yet. This may affect its availability.

952kB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

Abstract/Summary

Manure nitrogen (N) from cattle contributes to nitrous oxide and ammonia emissions and nitrate leaching. Measurement of manure N outputs on dairy farms is laborious, expensive, and impractical at large scales; therefore, models are needed to predict N excreted in urine and feces. Building robust prediction models requires extensive data from animals under different management systems worldwide. Thus, the study objectives were to (1) collate an international database of N excretion in feces and urine based on individual lactating dairy cow data from different continents; (2) determine the suitability of key variables for predicting fecal, urinary, and total manure N excretion; (3) develop robust and reliable N excretion prediction models based on individual data from lactating dairy cows consuming various diets. A raw dataset was created based 5,483 individual cow observations, with 5,420 fecal N excretion and 3.621 urine N excretion measurements collected from 162 in vivo experiments carried in 22 research institutes mostly located in Europe (n=14) and North America (n=5). A sequential approach was taken in developing models with increasing complexity by incrementally adding variables that had a significant individual effect on fecal, urinary, or total manure N excretion. Nitrogen excretion was predicted by fitting linear mixed models including experiment as random effect. Simple models requiring dry matter (DM) or N intake performed better for predicting fecal N excretion, than simple models using diet nutrient composition or milk performance parameters.Simple models based on N intake performed better for urinary and total manure N excretion than those based on DMI, but simple models using milk urea N (MUN) and N intake performed even better for urinary N excretion. The full model predicting fecal N excretion had similar performance as simple models based on DMI, but included several independent variables,depending on the location (DMI, diet NDF content, milk protein, MUN), and had root mean square prediction errors as a fraction of the observed mean values of 19.5% for Intercontinental, 20.5% for European, and 16.0% for North American datasets. Complex total manure N excretion models based on N intake and MUN led to prediction errors of about 9.0%, which were comparable to models based on N intake alone. Intercepts and slopes of variables in optimal prediction equations developed on Intercontinental, European and North American basis differed from each other, and therefore region-specific models are preferred to predict N excretion. In conclusion, region-specific models that include information on DMI or N intake are required for good prediction of fecal, urinary and total manure N excretion. In absence of intake data, region-specific complex equations using easily and routinely measured variables to predict fecal, urinary or total manure N excretion may be used, but these equations have lower performance than equations based on intake.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Animal Sciences > Animal, Dairy and Food Chain Sciences (ADFCS)- DO NOT USE
ID Code:103981
Uncontrolled Keywords:meta-analysis, milk nitrogen efficiency, biomarker, individual variability, 15N.
Publisher:American Dairy Science Association

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation