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Retrieval of sub-kilometric relative surface soil moisture with Sentinel-1 utilizing different backscatter normalisation factors

Maslanka, W. ORCID:, Morrison, K., White, K., Verhoef, A. and Clark, J. ORCID: (2022) Retrieval of sub-kilometric relative surface soil moisture with Sentinel-1 utilizing different backscatter normalisation factors. IEEE Transaction on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. ISSN 1558-0644 (In Press)

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Spatiotemporal distribution of soil moisture is important for hydrometeorological and agricultural applications. There is growing interest in monitoring soil moisture in relation to soil- and land-based Natural Flood Management (NFM); to understand the soil’s ability, via land-use and management changes, to delay the arrival of flood peaks in nearby watercourses. This paper monitors relative surface soil moisture (rSSM) across the Thames Valley, UK, using Sentinel-1 data, and the TU-Wien Change Detection Algorithm, with novel exploration of monthly and annual normalisation factors and spatial averaging. Two pairs of normalisation factors are introduced to remove impacts from varying local incidence angles: through direct- and multiple regression slopes. The spatiotemporal distribution of rSSM values at various spatial resolutions (1000m, 500m, 250m, and 100m) are assessed. Comparisons with in-situ soil moisture data from the COMSOS-UK network shows that, whilst general temporal trends agree, the difference in effective depth of measurements, coupled with vegetation impacts during the growing season, makes comparison with soil moisture observations difficult. Temporal rSSM trends can be retrieved at spatial resolutions down to 100m, and the rSSM RMSE was found to decrease as the spatial resolution increases. The vegetation effects upon the rSSM are further explored by comparing the two dominant land cover types: Arable and Horticulture, and Improved Grassland. It was found that, whilst the rSSM retrieval for these land covers was possible, and the general soil moisture trend is clear, overlying vegetation during the summer artificially increased the rSSM values.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:104975

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