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Mechanisms of internalization and recycling of the chemokine receptor, CCR5

Mueller, A. and Strange, P. G. (2004) Mechanisms of internalization and recycling of the chemokine receptor, CCR5. European Journal of Biochemistry, 271 (2). pp. 243-252. ISSN 0014-2956

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2003.03918.x


CCR5 is a G protein-coupled receptor that binds several natural chemokines but it is also a coreceptor for the entry of M tropic strains of HIV-1 into cells. Levels of CCR5 on the cell surface are important for the rate of HIV-1 infection and are determined by a number of factors including the rates of CCR5 internalization and recycling. Here we investigated the involvement of the actin cytoskeleton in the control of ligand-induced internalization and recycling of CCR5. Cytochalasin D, an actin depolymerizing agent, inhibited chemokine-induced internalization of CCR5 and recycling of the receptor in stably transfected CHO cells and in the monocytic cell line, THP-1. CCR5 internalization and recycling were inhibited by Toxin B and C-3 exoenzyme treatment in CHO and THP-1 cells, confirming activation of members of the RhoGTPase family by CCR5. The specific Rho kinase inhibitor Y27632, however, had no effect on CCR5 internalization or recycling. Ligand-induced activation of CCR5 leads to Rho kinase-dependent formation of focal adhesion complexes. These data indicate that CCR5 internalization and recycling are regulated by actin polymerization and activation of small G proteins in a Rho-dependent manner.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10558
Uncontrolled Keywords:chemokine receptor (CCR5), internalization/recycling, small G proteins, Rho GTPases, actin cytoskeleton, HIV-1 INFECTION, ACTIN CYTOSKELETON, T-CELLS, RHO, PROTEIN, KINASE, RANTES, ROCK, REORGANIZATION, ENDOCYTOSIS

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