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Structure and function analysis of the poliovirus cis-acting replication element (CRE)

Goodfellow, I. G., Kerrigan, D. and Evans, D. J. (2003) Structure and function analysis of the poliovirus cis-acting replication element (CRE). RNA, 9 (1). pp. 124-37. ISSN 1355-8382

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.19132-0


The poliovirus cis-acting replication element (CRE) templates the uridylylation of VPg, the protein primer for genome replication. The CRE is a highly conserved structural RNA element in the enteroviruses and located within the polyprotein-coding region of the genome. We have determined the native structure of the CRE, defined the regions of the structure critical for activity, and investigated the influence of genomic location on function. Our results demonstrate that a 14-nucleotide unpaired terminal loop, presented on a suitably stable stem, is all that is required for function. These conclusions complement the recent analysis of the 14-nucleotide terminal loop in the CRE of human rhinovirus type 14. The CRE can be translocated to the 5' noncoding region of the genome, at least 3.7-kb distant from the native location, without adversely influencing activity, and CRE duplications do not adversely influence replication. We do not have evidence for a specific interaction between the CRE and the RNA-binding 3CD(pro) complex, an essential component of the uridylylation reaction, and the mechanism by which the CRE is coordinated and orientated during the reaction remains unclear. These studies provide a detailed overview of the structural determinants required for CRE function, and will facilitate a better understanding of the requirements for picornavirus replication.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10751
Uncontrolled Keywords:Base Sequence, Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay, Hela Cells, Human, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Poliovirus/*genetics/physiology, RNA, Viral/chemistry/*genetics, Structure-Activity Relationship, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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