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Genetic analysis of global faba bean diversity, agronomic traits and selection signatures

Skovbjerg, C. K. ORCID:, Angra, D. ORCID:, Robertson-Shersby-Harvie, T., Kreplak, J., Keeble-Gagnère, G., Kaur, S., Ecke, W., Windhorst, A., Nielsen, L. K., Schiemann, A., Knudsen, J., Gutierrez, N., Tagkouli, V., Fechete, L. I., Janss, L., Stougaard, J., Warsame, A., Alves, S., Khazaei, H., Link, W. , Torres, A. M., O'Sullivan, D. M. ORCID: and Andersen, S. U. ORCID: (2023) Genetic analysis of global faba bean diversity, agronomic traits and selection signatures. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 136 (5). 114. ISSN 1432-2242

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00122-023-04360-8


Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a high-protein grain legume crop with great potential for sustainable protein production. However, little is known about the genetics underlying trait diversity. In this study, we used 21,345 high-quality SNP markers to genetically characterize 2678 faba bean genotypes. We performed genome-wide association studies of key agronomic traits using a seven-parent-MAGIC population and detected 238 significant marker-trait associations linked to 12 traits of agronomic importance. Sixty-five of these were stable across multiple environments. Using a non-redundant diversity panel of 685 accessions from 52 countries, we identified three subpopulations differentiated by geographical origin and 33 genomic regions subjected to strong diversifying selection between subpopulations. We found that SNP markers associated with the differentiation of northern and southern accessions explained a significant proportion of agronomic trait variance in the seven-parent-MAGIC population, suggesting that some of these traits were targets of selection during breeding. Our findings point to genomic regions associated with important agronomic traits and selection, facilitating faba bean genomics-based breeding.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Crop Science
ID Code:111706


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