Accessibility navigation

A New Frontier: AI and ancient language pedagogy

Ross, E. A. S. ORCID: (2023) A New Frontier: AI and ancient language pedagogy. Journal of Classics Teaching, 24 (48). pp. 143-161. ISSN 2058-6310

Text (Open Access) - Published Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S2058631023000430


In November 2022, ChatGPT 3.5 was released on a public research preview, gaining notoriety for its ability to pull from a vast body of information to create coherent and digestible bodies of text that accurately respond to queries (OpenAI, 2022). It is able to recognise the grammar and vocabulary of ancient languages, translate passages, and compose texts at an alarmingly accurate and rapid rate. For teachers, this AI has had mixed reviews. Some fear its ability to produce well-written work effortlessly, while others are excited by its abilities to push the boundaries of current teaching practices. This paper explores how well ChatGPT explains grammatical concepts, parses inflected forms, and translates Classical Latin, Ancient Greek, and Classical Sanskrit. Overall, ChatGPT is rather good at working with Classical Latin and Sanskrit, but its abilities with Ancient Greek are deeply problematic. Although it is quite flawed at this time, ChatGPT, when used properly, could become a useful a tool for ancient language study. With proper guiding phrases, students could use this AI to practise vocabulary, check their translations, and rephrase grammatical concepts.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Arts, Humanities and Social Science > School of Humanities > Classics
ID Code:112666
Uncontrolled Keywords:Artificial Intelligence, ChatGPT, Ancient Language Pedagogy, New Teaching Tools, Ancient Greek, Classical Latin, Classical Sanskrit
Publisher:Cambridge University Press


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation