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Understanding ecological civilization in China: from political context to science

Xue, B. ORCID:, Han, B., Li, H., Gou, X., Yang, H. ORCID:, Thomas, H. and Stückrad, S. (2023) Understanding ecological civilization in China: from political context to science. Ambio, 52 (12). pp. 1895-1909. ISSN 1654-7209

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s13280-023-01897-2


China's concept of "ecological civilization" can be understood as a new system of development and governance based on the perspective of political decision-making. Environmental management, ecological restoration, and green development are its primary principles-distinctly different from industrial and agricultural-oriented civilizations. In this paper, we evaluate the evolution of political connotations of the ecological civilization concept in China over the past 15 years through a textual analysis approach. Additionally, we systematically outline an ecological civilization indicator system and analyze its evolutionary process, applicable scales, and role in guiding the implementation of the ecological civilization concept. Eco-civilization demonstration sites and experiences are also discussed, followed by a review of academic research and policy-making responses. Finally, we propose different perspectives on the outlook for the future of ecological civilization development in China. [Abstract copyright: © 2023. The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.]

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science > Department of Geography and Environmental Science
ID Code:112709
Uncontrolled Keywords:Eco-civilization policy, Ecological civilization, Eco-civilization governance, Eco-civilization indicators, Eco-civilization practice

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