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Energy generation and consumption in Ghana

Essah, E. A. ORCID: (2011) Energy generation and consumption in Ghana. In: West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 19-21 July 2011, Accra, Ghana, pp. 391-401.

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Electricity consumption in Ghana is estimated to be increasing by 10% per annum due to the demand from the growing population. However, current sources of production (hydro and thermal facilities) generate only 66% of the current demand. Considering current trends, it is difficult to substantiate these basic facts, because of the lack of information. As a result, research into the existing sources of generating electricity, electricity consumption and prospective projects has been performed. This was achieved using three key techniques; review of literature, empirical studies and modelling. The results presented suggest that, current annual installed capacity of energy generation (i.e. 1960 MW) must be increased to 9,405.59 MW, assuming 85% plant availability. This is then capable to coop with the growing demand and it would give access to the entire population as well as support commercial and industrial activities for the growth of the economy. The prospect of performing this research is with the expectation to present an academic research agenda for further exploration into the subject area, without which the growth of the country would be stagnant.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment > Energy and Environmental Engineering group
ID Code:20973
Uncontrolled Keywords:energy, electricity generation, electricity consumption, Ghana.
Publisher:West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference
Publisher Statement:Proceedings of the West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference 2011 Accra, Ghana, 19-21 July 2011 Editors Dr Samuel Laryea, University of Reading, UK Dr Roine Leiringer, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden Professor Will Hughes, University of Reading, UK First published 2011 ISBN 978-0-9566060-1-3 Published by West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference C/o Dr Samuel Laryea School of Construction Management and Engineering University of Reading PO Box 219, Reading, UK RG6 6AW Email: © The copyright for papers in this publication belongs to the authors of the papers. Correspondence All correspondence relating to the WABER Conference should be addressed to: Dr Sena Agyepong Central University Accra, Ghana Email: Please visit for more information Declaration All papers in this publication have been through a review process involving initial screening of abstracts, review by at least two referees, reporting of comments to authors, modifications of papers by authors and re-evaluation of re-submitted papers to ensure quality of content.


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