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Early detection of ovarian cancer in samples pre-diagnosis using CA125 and MALDI-MS peaks

Timms, J. F., Menon, U., Devetyarov, D., Tiss, A., Camuzeaux, S., McCurrie, K., Nouretdinov, I., Burford, B., Smith, C., Gentry-Maharaj, A., Hallett, R., Ford, J., Luo, Z., Vovk, V., Gammerman, A., Cramer, R. ORCID: and Jacobs, I. (2011) Early detection of ovarian cancer in samples pre-diagnosis using CA125 and MALDI-MS peaks. Cancer Genomics and Proteomics, 8 (6). pp. 289-305. ISSN 1790-6245

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Aim: A nested case-control discovery study was undertaken 10 test whether information within the serum peptidome can improve on the utility of CA125 for early ovarian cancer detection. Materials and Methods: High-throughput matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) was used to profile 295 serum samples from women pre-dating their ovarian cancer diagnosis and from 585 matched control samples. Classification rules incorporating CA125 and MS peak intensities were tested for discriminating ability. Results: Two peaks were found which in combination with CA125 discriminated cases from controls up to 15 and 11 months before diagnosis, respectively, and earlier than using CA125 alone. One peak was identified as connective tissue-activating peptide III (CTAPIII), whilst the other was putatively identified as platelet factor 4 (PF4). ELISA data supported the down-regulation of PF4 in early cancer cases. Conclusion: Serum peptide information with CA125 improves lead time for early detection of ovarian cancer. The candidate markers are platelet-derived chemokines, suggesting a link between platelet function and tumour development.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences
Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Chemical Analysis Facility (CAF)
ID Code:26424
Uncontrolled Keywords:MALDI-MS serum profiling; ovarian cancer; biomarkers; early diagnosis; CA125; connective tissue-activating peptide III; CTAPIII; platelet factor 4; PF4
Publisher:International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR)

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