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Advanced feature selection methods in multinominal dementia classification from structural MRI data

Sarica, A., Di Fatta, G., Smith, G., Cannataro, M. and Saddy, D. (2014) Advanced feature selection methods in multinominal dementia classification from structural MRI data. In: CADDementia workshop, Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI) 2014 conference, 14-18 Sep 2014, Boston.

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Recent studies showed that features extracted from brain MRIs can well discriminate Alzheimer’s disease from Mild Cognitive Impairment. This study provides an algorithm that sequentially applies advanced feature selection methods for findings the best subset of features in terms of binary classification accuracy. The classifiers that provided the highest accuracies, have been then used for solving a multi-class problem by the one-versus-one strategy. Although several approaches based on Regions of Interest (ROIs) extraction exist, the prediction power of features has not yet investigated by comparing filter and wrapper techniques. The findings of this work suggest that (i) the IntraCranial Volume (ICV) normalization can lead to overfitting and worst the accuracy prediction of test set and (ii) the combined use of a Random Forest-based filter with a Support Vector Machines-based wrapper, improves accuracy of binary classification.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions:Interdisciplinary Research Centres (IDRCs) > Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics (CINN)
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Computer Science
ID Code:37128
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dementia, MRI, Multinominal classification, Feature selection


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