Accessibility navigation

Multinationality and performance literature: a critical review and future research agenda

Nguyen, Q. T. K. (2017) Multinationality and performance literature: a critical review and future research agenda. Management International Review, 57 (3). pp. 311-347. ISSN 1861-8901

Text - Accepted Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s11575-016-0290-y


The literature on the relationship between the degree of multinationality (M) and performance (P) in the context of multinational enterprises (MNEs) has attracted a large volume of research in the past 50 years. Yet, the theoretical foundations and the empirical conclusions concerning the nature of M–P relationship vary greatly, thus call for a critical review and assessment. We examine 135 articles in 39 leading scholarly journals and classic books published during the period 1960–2015. We use an inductive approach and a qualitative content analysis methodology for our comprehensive and critical review of the literature. We incorporate international business, finance, and accounting perspectives in our analysis. We review the conceptualization and measurement of M, P, the findings on M–P relationships, methodologies, and geographic focus. We identify six key inconsistencies in the existing research, which cause ambiguity in the relevant findings. We make eight recommendations for future research to address these inconsistencies. Thus, our study contributes to the central debate in this research field.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Henley Business School > International Business and Strategy
ID Code:61031
Publisher:Gabler Verlag


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation