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The Gsp-1 genes encode the 1 wheat arabinogalactan peptide

Wilkinson, M. D., Tosi, P., Lovegrove, A., Corol, D. I., Ward, J. L., Palmer, R., Powers, S., Passmore, D., Webster, G., Marcus, S. E., Knox, J. P. and Shewry, P. R. (2017) The Gsp-1 genes encode the 1 wheat arabinogalactan peptide. Journal of Cereal Science, 74. pp. 155-164. ISSN 0733-5210

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jcs.2017.02.006


Western blotting, ELISA and 1H-NMR spectroscopy showed that RNAi down-regulation of the wheat Gsp-1 gene resulted in reduced contents of both arabinogalactan peptide (AGP) and grain softness protein (GSP-1) in mature wheat grains confirming that these components are encoded by the same gene. A small increase in grain hardness and decrease in the viscosity of aqueous extracts of the transgenic lines also indicated small effects on functional properties. Immunolocalisation using a novel wheat AGP monoclonal antibody in conjunction with confocal microscopy showed that the major form of AGP which was eliminated in knockout lines is located within the cell, probably in the vacuole, and not in the plasma membrane or cell wall. However, clear localisation of the AGP epitope to the plasma membrane was observed in both control and transgenic lines and probably resulted from the presence of one or more separate forms of arabinogalactan protein. The existence of such additional form(s) was also indicated by 1H-NMR spectroscopy which showed that the ratio of arabinose to galactose differed between the control and transgenic lines

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Agriculture, Policy and Development > Department of Crop Science
ID Code:68812


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