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A simplified thermoregulation model of the human body in warm conditions

Li, B., Yang, Y., Yao, R., Liu, H. and Li, Y. (2017) A simplified thermoregulation model of the human body in warm conditions. Applied Ergonomics, 59 (A). pp. 387-400. ISSN 0003-6870

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.09.010


Thermoregulation models of the human body have been widely used in thermal comfort studies. The existing models are complicated and not fully verified for application in China. This paper presents a simplified thermoregulation model which has been statistically validated by the predicted and measured mean skin temperature in warm environments, including 21 typical conditions with 400 Chinese subjects. This model comprises three parts: i) the physical model; ii) the controlled system; and iii) the controlling system, and considers three key questions formerly ignored by the existing models including: a) the evaporation efficiency of regulatory sweat; b) the proportional relation of total skin blood flow and total heat loss by regulatory sweating against body surface area; and c) discrepancies in the mean skin temperatures by gender. The developed model has been validated to be within the 95% confidence interval of the population mean skin temperature in three cases.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of the Built Environment > Energy and Environmental Engineering group
ID Code:68981
Uncontrolled Keywords:Thermoregulation model; Thermal response; Skin temperature


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