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Projections of tropical cyclones affecting Vietnam under climate change: downscaled HadGEM2-ES using PRECIS 2.1

Wang, C., Liang, J. and Hodges, K. I. (2017) Projections of tropical cyclones affecting Vietnam under climate change: downscaled HadGEM2-ES using PRECIS 2.1. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143 (705). pp. 1844-1859. ISSN 1477-870X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/qj.3046


The potential changes in TC activity, and associated large-scale environmental conditions, for Vietnam and the South China Sea, posed by climate change, are examined using a high resolution regional climate model system - PRECIS 2.1 to downscale the Met Office Hadley Centre CMIP5 model, HadGEM2-ES to a resolution of 25 km (PRECIS_Had2). The ERA-Interim re-analysis is also downscaled to the same resolution (PRECIS_ERAI) for comparison. An objective algorithm is used to identify and track the TCs. The PRECIS_Had2 is evaluated for the period of 1990-2005 by comparing with the PRECIS_ERAI and the observed best track data of TCs. Compared to PRECIS_ERAI, PRECIS_Had2 represents the TC-associated largescale environments reasonably well but shows stronger vertical wind shear over the South China Sea and during the summer south-westerly monsoon. For TCs, PRECIS_Had2 is capable of capturing the TC distribution but shows a notable underestimation of very intense TCs. The analysis of the influence of global warming on the TC activity reveals that PRECIS_Had2 simulates a pronounced seasonal shift of TC activity in a warmer climate for both the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, with an increase in TC activity during winter related to the more favourable large-scale conditions while a decrease in TCs associated with less favourable large-scale conditions is projected in summer.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:70259
Publisher:Royal Meteorological Society

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