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Dynamical influences on European climate: an uncertain future

Woollings, T. (2010) Dynamical influences on European climate: an uncertain future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368 (1924). pp. 3733-3756. ISSN 1364-503X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0040


Climate science is coming under increasing pressure to deliver projections of future climate change at spatial scales as small as a few kilometres for use in impacts studies. But is our understanding and modelling of the climate system advanced enough to offer such predictions? Here we focus on the Atlantic–European sector, and on the effects of greenhouse gas forcing on the atmospheric and, to a lesser extent, oceanic circulations. We review the dynamical processes which shape European climate and then consider how each of these leads to uncertainty in the future climate. European climate is unique in many regards, and as such it poses a unique challenge for climate prediction. Future European climate must be considered particularly uncertain because (i) the spread between the predictions of current climate models is still considerable and (ii) Europe is particularly strongly affected by several processes which are known to be poorly represented in current models.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
ID Code:8176
Uncontrolled Keywords:jet stream; storm track; blocking; meridional overturning circulation; stratosphere
Publisher:Royal Society Publishing

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