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Items where Division is "Department of Meteorology" and Year is 2008

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Number of items: 233.

A

Agusti-Panareda, A. (2008) The Contribution of Ex-tropical Cyclone Gert (1999) toward the Weakening of a Midlatitude Cyclogenesis Event. Monthly Weather Review, 136 (6). pp. 2091-2111. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007MWR1637.1

Ambaum, M. H. P. (2008) General relationships between pressure, weight, and mass of a hydrostatic fluid. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 464 (2092). pp. 943-950. ISSN 1364-5021 doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2007.0148

Ambaum, M. H. P. (2008) Unimodality of wave amplitude in the northern Hemisphere. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (3). pp. 1077-1086. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2298.1

Anstey, J.A. and Shepherd, T. G. (2008) Response of the northern stratospheric polar vortex to the seasonal alignment of QBO phase transitions. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (22). L22810. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035721

Aplin, K. L., Harrison, R. G. and Rycroft, M. J. (2008) Investigating Earth's atmospheric electricity: a role model for planetary studies. Space Science Reviews, 137 (1-4). pp. 11-27. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-008-9372-x

Austin, J., Tourpali, K., Rozanov, E., Akiyoshi, H., Bekki, S., Bodeker, G., Bruhl, C., Butchart, N., Chipperfield, N., Deushi, M., Fomichev, V.I., Giorgetta, M.A., Gray, L., Kodera, K., Lott, F., Manzini, E., Marshall, D., Matthes, L., Nagashima, T., Shibata, K., Stolarski, R.S., Struthers, H. and Tian, W. (2008) Coupled chemistry climate model simulations of the solar cycle in ozone and temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D11). D11306. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009391

B

Ball, M. A. and Plant, R. S. (2008) Comparison of stochastic parametrization approaches in a single-column model. Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 366 (1875). pp. 2605-2623. ISSN 1364-503X doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2008.0050

Bannister, R. N., Katz, D., Cullen, M. J. P., Lawless, A. S. and Nichols, N. K. (2008) Modelling of forecast errors in geophysical fluid flows. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 56 (8). pp. 1147-1153. ISSN 0271-2091 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1618

Bannister, R.N. (2008) A review of forecast error covariance statistics in atmospheric variational data assimilation. I: Characteristics and measurements of forecast error covariances. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (637). pp. 1951-1970. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.339

Bannister, R.N. (2008) A review of forecast error covariance statistics in atmospheric variational data assimilation. II: Modelling the forecast error covariance statistics. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (637). pp. 1971-1996. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.340

Barlow, J. and Coceal, O., (2008) A review of urban roughness sublayer turbulence. Technical Report. Met Office

Barlow, J. F., Rooney, C. G., von Huenerbein, S. and Bradley, S. G. (2008) Relating urban surface-layer structure to upwind terrain for the Salford experiment (Salfex). Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 127 (2). pp. 173-191. ISSN 0006-8314 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-007-9261-y

Bazilevskaya, G.A., Usoskin, I.G., Flückiger, E.O., Harrison, R.G., Desorgher, L., Bütikofer, R.B., Krainev, M.B., Makhmutov, V.S., Stozhkov, Y.I., Svirzhevskaya, A.K., Svirzhevsky, N.S. and Kovaltsov, G.A. (2008) Cosmic ray induced ion production in the atmosphere. Space Science Reviews, 137 (1-4). pp. 149-173. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-008-9339-y

Belcher, S.E., Finnigan, J.J. and Harman, I.N. (2008) Flows through forest canopies in complex terrain. Ecological Applications, 18 (6). pp. 1436-1453. ISSN 0051-0761 doi: https://doi.org/10.1890/06-1894.1

Bellouin, N., Jones, A., Haywood, J. and Christopher, S. A. (2008) Updated estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite observations and comparison against the Hadley Centre climate model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D10). D10205. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009385

Bennett, A. J. and Harrison, R. G. (2008) Variability in surface atmospheric electric field measurements. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 142 (1). 012046. ISSN 1742-6588 doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/142/1/012046

Bennett, A. and Harrison, R. G. (2008) Surface measurement system for the atmospheric electrical vertical conduction current density, with displacement current correction. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 70 (11-12). pp. 1373-1381. ISSN 1364-6826 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.04.014

Bernie, D.J., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Slingo, J.M., Woolnough, S.J. and Cole, J. (2008) Impact of resolving the diurnal cycle in an ocean-atmosphere GCM. Part 2: A diurnally coupled CGCM. Climate Dynamics, 31 (7-8). pp. 909-925. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-008-0429-z

Birner, T. and Williams, P. D. (2008) Sudden stratospheric warmings as noise-induced transitions. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (10). pp. 3337-3343. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JAS2770.1

Blackburn, M., Methven, J. and Roberts, N. (2008) Large-scale context for the UK floods in summer 2007. Weather, 63 (9). pp. 280-288. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/wea.322

Bracegirdle, T. J. and Gray, S. L. (2008) An objective climatology of the dynamical forcing of polar lows in the Nordic seas. International Journal of Climatology, 14 (28). pp. 1903-1919. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1686

Brayshaw, D. J., Hoskins, B. J. and Blackburn, M. (2008) The Storm-Track Response to Idealized SST Perturbations in an Aquaplanet GCM. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (9). pp. 2842-2860. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JAS2657.1

Broecker, J. (2008) On reliability analysis of multi-categorical forecasts. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 15 (4). pp. 661-673. ISSN 1023-5809 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-15-661-2008

Broecker, J. and Smith, L. A. (2008) From ensemble forecasts to predictive distribution functions. Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 60 (4). pp. 663-678. ISSN 1600-0870 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00333.x

Brown, J., Tudhope, A.W., Collins, M. and McGregor, H.V. (2008) Mid-Holocene ENSO: Issues in quantitative model-proxy data comparisons. Paleoceanography, 23 (3). PA3202. ISSN 0883-8305 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007PA001512

Brümmer, B., Schroeder, D., Müller, G., Spreen, G., Jahnke-Bornemann, A. and Launiainen, J. (2008) Impact of a Fram Strait cyclone on ice edge, drift, divergence, and concentration: Possibilities and limits of an observational analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C12). ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JC004149

Bulgin, C. E., Palmer, P.I., Thomas, G.E., Arnold, C.P.G., Campmany, E., Carboni, E., Grainger, R.G., Poulsen, C., Siddans, R. and Lawrence, B. (2008) Regional and seasonal variations of the Twomey indirect effect as observed by the ATSR-2 satellite instrument. Geophysical Research Letters, 35. L02811. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031394

C

Cai, X.-M., Barlow, J.F. and Belcher, S.E. (2008) Dispersion and transfer of passive scalars in and above street canyons - Large-eddy simulations. Atmospheric Environment, 42 (23). pp. 5885-5895. ISSN 1352-2310 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.03.040

Campin, J.-M., Marshall, J. and Ferreira, D. (2008) Sea ice–ocean coupling using a rescaled vertical coordinate z*. Ocean Modelling, 24 (1-2). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1463-5003 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2008.05.005

Carrassi, A., Ghil, M., Trevisan, A. and Uboldi, F. (2008) Data assimilation as a nonlinear dynamical systems problem: stability and convergence of the prediction-assimilation system. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 18 (2). 023112. ISSN 1089-7682 doi: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2909862

Carrassi, A., Trevisan, A., Descamps, L., Talagrand, O. and Uboldi, F. (2008) Controlling instabilities along a 3DVar analysis cycle by assimilating in the unstable subspace: a comparison with the EnKF. Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics, 15 (4). pp. 503-521. ISSN 1023-5809 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-15-503-2008

Carrassi, A., Vannitsem, S. and Nicolis, C. (2008) Model error and sequential data assimilation: a deterministic formulation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (634). pp. 1297-1313. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.284

Carrassi, A., Vannitsem, S., Zupanski, D. and Zupanski, M. (2008) The maximum likelihood ensemble filter performances in chaotic systems. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 61 (5). pp. 587-600. ISSN 1600-0870 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2009.00408.x

Cerdeira-Estrada, S. and López-Saldaña, G. (2008) Automatic processing of near-real time operational MODIS ocean products applied to Mexico Seas monitoring. In: 5th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control (CCE), 12-14 Nov 2008, Mexico City, pp. 545-549.

Chagnon, J. M. and Gray, S. L. (2008) Analysis of convectively-generated gravity waves in mesoscale model simulations and wind profiler observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (632). pp. 663-676. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.239

Challinor, A. and Wheeler, T.R. (2008) Crop yield reduction in the tropics under climate change: Processes and uncertainties. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148 (3). pp. 343-356. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.09.015

Charlton-Perez, A. J., Polvani, L.M., Austin, J. and Li, F. (2008) The frequency and dynamics of stratospheric sudden warmings in the 21st century. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D16). D16116. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009571

Chuvieco, E., Opazo, S., Sione, W., Del Valle, H., Anaya, J., Di Bella, C., Cruz, I., Manzo, L., López-Saldaña, G., Mari, N., González-Alonso, F., Morelli, F., Setzer, A., Csiszar, I., Kanpandegi, J. A., Bastarrika, A. and Libonati, R. (2008) Global burned-land estimation in Latin America using MODIS composite data. Ecological Applications, 18 (1). pp. 64-79. ISSN 0051-0761 doi: https://doi.org/10.1890/06-2148.1

Clark, P. A., Harcourt, S. A., Macpherson, B., Mathison, C. T., Cusack, S. and Naylor, M. (2008) Prediction of visibility and aerosol within the operational Met Office unified model. I: Model formulation and variational assimilation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (636). pp. 1801-1816. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.318

Cloke, H. L., Pappenberger, F. and Renaud, J.-P. (2008) Multi-method global sensitivity analysis (MMGSA) for modelling floodplain hydrological processes. Hydrological Processes, 22 (11). pp. 1660-1674. ISSN 0885-6087 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.6734

Coceal, O., Thomas, T.G. and Belcher, S. E. (2008) Spatially-averaged flow statistics within a canopy of large bluff bodies: Results from direct numerical simulations. Acta Geophysica, 56 (3). pp. 862-875. ISSN 1895-6572 doi: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11600-008-0025-y

Crewell, S., Mech, M., Reinhardt, T., Selbach, S., Betz, H.-D., Brocard, E., Dick, G., O'Connor, E. J., Fischer, J., Hanisch, T., Hauf, T., Huenerbein , A., Delobbe, L., Mathes, A., Peters, G., Wernli, H., Wiegner, M. and Wulfmeyer, V. (2008) The general observation period 2007 within the priority program on quantitative precipitation forecasting: concept and first results. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 17 (6). pp. 849-866. ISSN 0941-2948 doi: https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0336

Crook, J. A., Gillett, N. P. and Keeley, S. P. E. (2008) Sensitivity of Southern Hemisphere climate to zonal asymmetry in ozone. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (7). L07806. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL032698

D

Davis, C. J. and Lo , K. H. (2008) An enhancement of the ionospheric sporadic‐E layer in response to negative polarity cloud‐to‐ground lightning. Geophysical Research Letters, 35. L05815. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031909

Dawson, R. J., Speight, L., Hall, J. W., Djordjevic, S., Savic, D. and Leandro, J. (2008) Attribution of flood risk in urban areas. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 10 (4). pp. 275-288. ISSN 1464-7141 doi: https://doi.org/10.2166/hydro.2008.054

Delanoe, J. and Hogan, R. J. (2008) A variational scheme for retrieving ice cloud properties from combined radar, lidar and infrared radiometer. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D7). D07204. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009000

Deleersnijder, E., Hanert, E., Burchard, H. and Dijkstra, H.A. (2008) On the mathematical stability of stratified flow models with local turbulence closure schemes Ocean Dynamics. Ocean Dynamics, 58 (3-4). pp. 237-246. ISSN 1616-7341 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10236-008-0145-6

Delworth, T. L., Clark, P. U., Holland, M., Johns, T., Kuhlbrodt, T., Lynch-Stieglitz, C., Seager, R., Weaver, A. J. and Zhang, R. (2008) The potential for abrupt change in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. In: Abrupt Climate Change. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, pp. 258-359.

Diro, G. T., Black, E. and Grimes, D. I. F. (2008) Seasonal forecasting of Ethiopian spring rains. Meteorological Applications, 15 (1). pp. 73-83. ISSN 1469-8080 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/met.63

Dunbar, T.M., Hanert, E. and Hogan, R.J. (2008) A One-Dimensional Finite-Element Boundary-Layer Model with a Vertical Adaptive Grid. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 128 (3). pp. 459-472. ISSN 0006-8314 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-008-9297-7

de Vries, H. and Ehrendorfer, M. (2008) Linear amplification of marginally neutral baroclinic waves. Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 60 (5). pp. 1079-1088. ISSN 0280-6495 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00355.x

E

Ehrendorfer, M. and Errico, R. M. (2008) The Seventh Workshop on Adjoint Applications in Dynamic Meteorology - Special Issue. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 17 (1). p. 103. ISSN 0941-2948 doi: https://doi.org/10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0267

F

Feltham, D. F. (2008) Sea ice rheology. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 40 (1). pp. 91-112. ISSN 1545-4479 doi: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.fluid.40.111406.102151

Feng, L., Brugge, R., Holm, E. V., Harwood, R. S., O'Neill, A., Filipiak, M. J., Froidevaux, L. and Livesey, N. (2008) Four-dimensional variational assimilation of ozone profiles from the Microwave Limb Sounder on the Aura satellite. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D15). D15S07. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009121

Feng, L., Palmer, P. I., Boesch, H. and Dance, S.L. (2008) Estimating surface CO2 fluxes from space-borne dry air mole fraction observations using an Ensemble Kalman filter. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 8. pp. 19917-19955. ISSN 1680-7375

Ferreira, D. and Frankignoul, C. (2008) Transient atmospheric response to interactive SST anomalies. Journal of Climate, 21 (3). pp. 576-583. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1704.1

Finch, I. D., Lockwood, M. L. and Rouillard, A. P. (2008) Effects of solar wind magnetosphere coupling recorded at different geomagnetic latitudes: Separation of directly-driven and storage/release systems. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (21). L21105. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035399

Formenti, P., Rajot, J., Desboeufs, K., Caquineau, S., Chevallier, S., Nava, S., Gaudichet, A., Journet, E., Triquet, S., Alfaro, S., Chiari, M., Haywood, J., Coe, H. and Highwood, E. (2008) Regional variability of the composition of mineral dust from western Africa: Results from the AMMA SOP0/DABEX and DODO field campaigns. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D20). D00C13. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD009903

Fruman, M. D. and Shepherd, T. G. (2008) Symmetric stability of compressible zonal flows on a generalized equatorial β plane. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (6). pp. 1927-1940. ISSN 0022-4928 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2582.1

G

Gallart, F., Amaxidis, Y., Botti, P., Cané, G., Castillo, V., Chapman, P., Froebich, J., Garcia-Pintado, J., Latron, J., Llorens, P., Lo Porto, A., Morais, M., Neves, R., Ninov, P., Perrin, J.-L., Ribarova, I., Skoulikidis, N. and Tournoud, M.-G. (2008) Investigating hydrological regimes and processes in a set of catchments with temporary waters in Mediterranean Europe. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 53 (3). pp. 618-628. ISSN 2150-3435 doi: https://doi.org/10.1623/hysj.53.3.618

Gamiz-Fortis, S., Pozo-Vazquez, D., Trigo, R.M. and Castro-Diez, Y. (2008) Quantifying the predictability of winter river flow in Iberia. Part I: Interannual predictability. Journal of Climate, 21 (11). pp. 2484-2502. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1774.1

Gamiz-Fortis, S., Pozo-Vazquez, D., Trigo, R.M. and Castro-Diez, Y. (2008) Quantifying the predictability of winter river flow in Iberia. Part II: Seasonal predictability. Journal of Climate, 21 (11). pp. 2503-2518. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1775.1

Gauci, V., Blake, S., Stevenson, D. S. and Highwood, E. J. (2008) Halving of the northern wetland CH4 source by a large Icelandic volcanic eruption. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113. G00A11. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JG000499

Gentemann, C. L., Minnett, P. J., Le Borgne, P. and Merchant, C. J. (2008) Multi-satellite measurements of large diurnal warming events. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (22). L22602. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035730

Gray, S. L. and Dacre, H. F. (2008) The impact of deformation strain on the formation of banded clouds in idealized modeling experiments. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (633). pp. 859-874. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.262

Greed, G., Haywood, J. M., Milton, S., Keil, A., Christopher, S., Gupta, P. and Highwood, E. J. (2008) Aerosol optical depths over North Africa: 2. Modeling and model validation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113. D00C05. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: doi:1029/2007JD009457

Gregory, J.M. and Forster, P.M. (2008) Transient climate response estimated from radiative forcing and observed temperature change. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (D23). D23105. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD010405

Gregory, J.M. and Webb, M.J. (2008) Tropospheric adjustment induces a cloud component in CO2 forcing. Journal of Climate, 21 (1). pp. 58-71. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1834.1

Grimes, D. I. F. (2008) Geostatistical Tools for Validation of Satellite and NWP Model Rainfall. Hydrological modelling and the water cycle: coupling the atmospheric and hydrological models, 63 (2). pp. 117-143. ISSN 0921-092X doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-77843-1_6

Grimes, D. I. F. (2008) An ensemble approach to uncertainty estimation for satellite-based rainfall estimates. Hydrological modelling and the water cycle: coupling the atmospheric and hydrological models, 63 (2). pp. 145-162. ISSN 0921-092X doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-77843-1_7

Grindrod, P.M., Fortes, A.D., Nimmo, F., Feltham, D.L., Brodholt, J.P. and Vočadlo, L. (2008) The long-term stability of a possible aqueous ammonium sulfate ocean inside Titan. Icarus, 197 (1). pp. 137-151. ISSN 0019-1035 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2008.04.006

H

Hallerberg, S., Broecker, J. and Kantz, H. (2008) Prediction of extreme events. In: Donner, R. V. and Barbosa, S. M. (eds.) Nonlinear time series analysis in the geosciences : applications in climatology, geodynamics, and solar-terrestrial physics. Lecture notes in earth sciences, 112. Springer, Berlin ; London, pp. 35-59. ISBN 9783540789376

Ham, S.J. , Lee, H. , Lee, J.M., Kim, S.W., Richards, T. and Lockwood, M. (2008) Stray light analysis of SALEX instrument. In: Straka , S. A. (ed.) Optical system contamination: effects, measurements, and control 2008. Proceedings of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , 7069. SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, L690. ISBN 9780819472892

Hanley, K. E. and Belcher, S. E. (2008) Wave-driven wind jets in the marine atmospheric boundary layer. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (8). pp. 2646-2660. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2562.1

Hanley, K.E. and Belcher, S.E. (2008) Wave driven winds in the marine atmospheric boundary layer. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (8). pp. 2646-2660. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2562.1

Hannachi, A. (2008) A new set of orthogonal patterns in weather and climate: Optimally interpolated patterns. Journal of Climate, 21 (24). pp. 6724-6738. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2328.1

Hannachi, A. and Turner, A. G. (2008) Preferred structures in large-scale circulation and the effect of doubling greenhouse gas concentration in HadCM3. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (631). pp. 469-480. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.236

Harris, B. (2008) The potential impact of super-volcanic eruptions on the Earth's atmosphere. Weather, 63 (8). pp. 221-225. ISSN 0043-1656 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/wea.263

Harrison, R. G., Chalmers, N. and Hogan, R. J. (2008) Retrospective cloud determinations from surface solar radiation measurements. Atmospheric Research, 90 (1). pp. 54-62. ISSN 0169-8059 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.04.001

Harrison, R.G. (2008) Discrimination between cosmic ray and solar irradiance effects on clouds, and evidence for geophysical modulation of cloud thickness. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 464 (2098). pp. 2575-2590. ISSN 1364-5021 doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2008.0081

Harrison, R.G. and Ambaum, M. H. P. (2008) Enhancement of cloud formation by droplet charging. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 464 (2098). pp. 2561-2573. ISSN 1364-5021 doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2008.0009

Harrison, R.G. and Nicoll, K. A. (2008) Air-earth current density measurements at Lerwick; implications for seasonality in the global electric circuit. Atmospheric Research, 89 (1-2). pp. 181-193. ISSN 0169-8059 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2008.01.008

Harrison, R.G. and Tammet, H. (2008) Ions in the terrestrial atmosphere and other solar system atmospheres. Space Science Reviews, 137 (1-4). pp. 107-118. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-008-9356-x

Harrison, R.G., Aplin, K.L., Leblanc, F. and Yair, Y. (2008) Planetary Atmospheric Electricity. Space Science Reviews, 137 (1-4). pp. 5-10. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-008-9419-z

Hawkins, E. and Sutton, R. (2008) Potential predictability of rapid changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (11). L11603. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034059

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Lu, R. and Dong, B. (2008) Response of the Asian summer monsoon to a weakening of Atlantic thermohaline circulation. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 25 (5). pp. 723-736. ISSN 0256-1530 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-008-0723-z

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Merchant, C. J., Le Borgne, P., Marsouin, A. and Roquet, H. (2008) Optimal estimation of sea surface temperature from split-window observations. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (5). pp. 2469-2484. ISSN 0034-4257 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.11.011

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Osborne, S.R., Johnson, B.T., Haywood, J.M., Baran, A.J., Harrison, M.A.J. and McConnell, C.L. (2008) Physical and optical properties of mineral dust aerosol during the Dust and Biomass-burning Experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113. D00C03 . ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009551

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Shaw, T. A. and Shepherd, T. G. (2008) Wave-activity conservation laws for the three-dimensional anelastic and Boussinesq equations with a horizontally homogeneous background flow. Journal Of Fluid Mechanics, 594. pp. 493-506. ISSN 0022-1120 doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022112007009160

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Shepherd, T. G. and Jonsson, A. I. (2008) On the attribution of stratospheric ozone and temperature changes to changes in ozone-depleting substances and well-mixed greenhouse gases. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8 (5). pp. 1435-1444. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-8-1435-2008

Shine, K. P., Barnett, J. J. and Randel, W. J. (2008) Temperature trends derived from Stratospheric Sounding Unit radiances: the effect of increasing CO2 on the weighting function. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (2). L02710. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL032218

Shonk, J. K.P. and Hogan, R. J. (2008) Tripleclouds: an efficient method for representing horizontal cloud inhomogeneity in 1D radiation schemes by using three regions at each height. Journal of Climate, 21 (11). pp. 2352-2370. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1940.1

Sinclair, V.A., Gray, S.L. and Belcher, S.E. (2008) Boundary-layer ventilation by baroclinic lifecycles. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (635). pp. 1409-1424. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.293

Singarayer, J. S., Richards, D. A., Ridgwell, A., Valdes, P. J., Austin, W. E. N. and Beck, J. W. (2008) An oceanic origin for the increase of atmospheric radiocarbon during the Younger Dryas. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (14). L14707. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034074

Smith, R. S. and Marotzke, J. (2008) Factors influencing anthropogenic carbon dioxide uptake in the North Atlantic in models of the ocean carbon cycle. Climate Dynamics, 31 (5). pp. 599-613. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-008-0365-y

Smith, R.S., Gregory, J.M. and Osprey, A. (2008) A description of the FAMOUS (version XDBUA) climate model and control run. Geoscientific Model Development, 1 (1). pp. 53-68.

Solomon, S., Alley, R., Gregory, J.M., Lemke, P. and Manning, M. (2008) A closer look at the IPCC report. Science, 319 (5862). pp. 409-410. ISSN 1095-9203 doi: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.319.5862.409c

Son, S.-W., Polvani, L. M., Waugh, D. W., Akiyoshi, H., Garcia, R., Kinnison, D., Pawson, S., Rozanov, E., Shepherd, T. G. and Shibata, K. (2008) The impact of stratospheric ozone recovery on the Southern Hemisphere westerly jet. Science, 320 (5882). pp. 1486-1489. ISSN 0036-8075 doi: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1155939

Sterl, A., Severijns, C., Dijkstra, H., Hazeleger, W., Jan van Oldenborgh, G., van den Broeke, M., Burgers, G., van den Hurk, B., Van Leeuwen, P. J. and van Velthoven, P. (2008) When can we expect extremely high surface temperatures? Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (14). L14703. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034071

Stewart, L.M., Dance, S. L. and Nichols, N.K. (2008) Correlated observation errors in data assimilation. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 56 (8). pp. 1521-1527. ISSN 0271-2091 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1636

Stisen, S., Jensen, K.H., Sandholt, I. and Grimes, D.I.F. (2008) A remote sensing driven distributed hydrological model of the Senegal River basin. Journal of Hydrology, 354 (1-4). pp. 131-148. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.03.006

Stott, P.A., Sutton, R.T. and Smith, D.M. (2008) Detection and attribution of Atlantic salinity changes. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (21). L21702. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035874

Su, H.-B., Schmid, H.P., Grimmond, C.S.B., Vogel, C.S. and Curtis, P.S. (2008) An assessment of observed vertical flux divergence in long-term eddy-covariance measurements over two Midwestern forest ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148 (2). pp. 186-205. ISSN 0168-1923 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.08.009

Sullivan, J.M., Lockwood, M., Lanchester, B.S., Kontar, E.P., Ivchenko, N., Dahlgren, H. and Whiter, D.K. (2008) An optical study of multiple NEIAL events driven by low energy electron precipitation. Annales Geophysicae, 26. pp. 2435-2447. ISSN 0992-7689 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-26-2435-2008

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Tarnavsky, E., Garrigues, S. and Brown, M. (2008) Multiscale geostatistical analysis of AVHRR, SPOT-VGT, and MODIS global NDVI products. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (2). pp. 535-549. ISSN 0034-4257 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.05.008

Tegtmeier, S., Fioletov, V. E. and Shepherd, T. G. (2008) Seasonal persistence of northern low- and middle-latitude anomalies of ozone and other trace gases in the upper stratosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113. D21308. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD009860

Teixeira, M. A. C. and Grisogono, B. (2008) Internal wave drag in stratified flow over mountains on a beta plane. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (630). pp. 11-19. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.188

Teixeira, M. A. C., Miranda, P. M. A. and Cardoso, R. M. (2008) Asymptotic gravity wave drag expressions for non-hydrostatic rotating flow over a ridge. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (630). pp. 271-276. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.196

Teixeira, M. A.C., Miranda, P. M. A. and Argaín, J. (2008) Mountain waves in two-layer sheared flows: critical-level effects, wave reflection, and drag enhancement. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (6). pp. 1912-1926. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2577.1

Tietsche, S. and Pikovsky, A. (2008) Chaotic destruction of Anderson localization in a nonlinear lattice. Europhysics Letters, 84 (1). 10006. ISSN 0295-5075 doi: https://doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/84/10006

Toniazzo, T., Collins, M. and Brown, J. (2008) The variation of ENSO characteristics associated with atmospheric parameter perturbations in a coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 30 (6). pp. 643-656. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-007-0313-2

Tripathi, S.N., Michael, M. and Harrison, R.G. (2008) Profiles of Ion and Aerosol Interactions in Planetary Atmospheres. Space Science Reviews, 137 (1-4). pp. 193-211. ISSN 0038-6308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-008-9367-7

Tyrlis, E. and Hoskins, B. J. (2008) Aspects of Northern Hemisphere atmospheric blocking climatology. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (5). pp. 1638-1652. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2337.1

Tyrlis, E. and Hoskins, B.J. (2008) The morphology of Northern Hemisphere blocking. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (5). pp. 1653-1665. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2338.1

U

Ulbrich, U., Pinto, J. G., Kupfer, H., Leckebusch, G. C., Spangehl, T. and Reyers, M. (2008) Changing Northern Hemisphere storm tracks in an ensemble of IPCC climate change simulations. Journal of Climate, 21 (8). pp. 1669-1679. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1992.1

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Warren, R., de la Nava Santos, S., Arnell, N. W., Bane, M., Barker, T., Barton, C., Ford, R., Füssel, H.-M., Hankin, R. K.S., Klein, R., Linstead, C., Kohler, J., Mitchell, T.D., Osborn, T.J., Pan, H., Raper, S.C.B., Riley, G., Schellnhüber, H.J., Winne , S. and Anderson, D. (2008) Development and illustrative outputs of the Community Integrated Assessment System (CIAS), a multi-institutional modular integrated assessment approach for modelling climate change. Environmental Modelling and Software, 23 (5). pp. 592-610. ISSN 1364-8152 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2007.09.002

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Watt, C. E. J. and Rankin, R. (2008) Electron acceleration and parallel electric fields due to kinetic Alfvén waves in plasma with similar thermal and Alfvén speeds. Advances in Space Research, 42 (5). pp. 964-969. ISSN 0273-1177 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2007.03.030

Weinbrecht, S. and Mason, P.J. (2008) Stochastic backscatter for cloud-resolving models. Part I: Implementation and testing in a dry convective boundary layer. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (1). pp. 123-139. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2166.1

Weller, H. and Weller, H. G. (2008) A high-order arbitrarily unstructured finite-volume model of the global atmosphere: tests solving the shallow-water equations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 56 (8). pp. 1589-1596. ISSN 0271-2091 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/fld.1595

Westbrook, C. D. (2008) The fall speeds of sub-100 mu m ice crystals. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (364). pp. 1243-1281. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.290

Westbrook, C. D., Ball, R. C. and Field, P. R. (2008) Corrigendum: radar scattering by aggregate snowflakes. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (631). pp. 547-548. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.233

Westbrook, C. D., Hogan, R. J. and Illingworth, A. J. (2008) The capacitance of pristine ice crystals and aggregate snowflakes. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (1). pp. 206-219. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2315.1

Wilchinsky, A. V. and Feltham, D. L. (2008) Generation of a buoyancy-driven coastal current by an Antarctic Polynya. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38 (5). pp. 1011-1032. ISSN 1520-0485 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JPO3831.1

Wilkinson, J. M., Hogan, R. J. and Illingworth, A. J. (2008) Use of a lidar forward model for global comparisons of cloud fraction between the ICESat lidar and the ECMWF model. Monthly Weather Review, 136 (10). pp. 3742-3759. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2309.1

Willett, M.R., Bechtold, P., Williamson, D.L., Petch, J.C., Milton, S.F. and Woolnough, S.J. (2008) Modelling suppressed and active convection: Comparisons between three global atmospheric models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (636). pp. 1881-1896. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.317

Williams, C. J. R., Kniveton, D.R. and Layberry, R. (2008) Influence of south Atlantic sea surface temperatures on rainfall variability and extremes over southern Africa. Journal of Climate, 21 (24). pp. 6498-6520. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2234.1

Williams, K.D., Ingram, W.J. and Gregory, J.M. (2008) Time variation of effective climate sensitivity in GCMs. Journal of Climate, 21 (19). pp. 5076-5090. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2371.1

Williams, P. D., Haine, T.W.N. and Read, P.L. (2008) Inertia-Gravity Waves Emitted from Balanced Flow: Observations, Properties, and Consequences. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (11). pp. 3543-3556. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JAS2480.1

Woodward, F.I., Lomas, M.R. and Quaife, T. (2008) Global responses of terrestrial productivity to contemporary climatic oscillations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 363 (1504). pp. 2779-2785. ISSN 0962-8436 doi: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2008.0017

Woollings, T. J. (2008) Vertical structure of anthropogenic zonal-mean atmospheric circulation change. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (19). L19702. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034883

Woollings, T. J., Hoskins, B. J., Blackburn, M. and Berrisford, P. (2008) A new Rossby Wave-breaking interpretation of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (2). pp. 609-626. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2007JAS2347.1

Woollings, T.J. and Hoskins, B.J. (2008) Simultaneous Atlantic-Pacific Blocking and the Northern Annular Mode. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (363). pp. 1635-1646. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.310

X

Xie, Z.-T., Coceal, O. and Castro, I. P. (2008) Large-Eddy Simulation of flows over random urban-like obstacles. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 129 (1). pp. 1-23. ISSN 0006-8314 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-008-9290-1

Xu, W., Wooster, M.J. and Grimmond, C.S.B. (2008) Modelling of urban sensible heat flux at multiple spatial scales : a demonstration using airborne hyperspectral imagery of Shanghai and a temperature–emissivity separation approach. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112 (9). pp. 3493-3510. ISSN 0034-4257 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2008.04.009

Y

Yang, Y., Marshak, A., Chiu, J. C., Wiscombe, W. J., Palm, S. P., Davis, A. B., Spangenberg, D. A., Nguyen, L., Spinhirne, J. D. and Minnis, P. (2008) Retrievals of thick cloud optical depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by calibration of solar background signal. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (11). pp. 3513-3526. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JAS2744.1

Yano, J.-I., Quass, J., Wagner, T.M. and Plant, R.S. (2008) Toward Statistical Descriptions of Convective Cloud Dynamics: Workshop on Concepts for Convective Parameterizations in Large-Scale Models. EOS transactions, 89 (23). p. 212. ISSN 0096-3941 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008EO230009

Z

Zheng, W., Braconnot, P., Guilyardi, E., Merkel, U. and Yu, Y. (2008) ENSO at 6ka and 21ka from ocean–atmosphere coupled model simulations. Climate Dynamics, 30 (7-8). pp. 745-762. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-007-0320-3

Zhong, W., Hogan, R. J. and Haigh, J. D. (2008) Three-dimensional radiative transfer in midlatitude cirrus clouds. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (630). pp. 199-215. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.182

Zhong, W.Y., Osprey, S.M., Gray, L.J. and Haigh, J.D. (2008) Influence of the prescribed solar spectrum on calculations of atmospheric temperature. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (22). L22813. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035993

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