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Diversity, phylogeny and distribution of bean rhizobia in salt-affected soils of North-West Morocco

Mouhsine, B., Prell, J., Filali-Maltouf, A., Priefer, U. B. and Aurag, J. (2007) Diversity, phylogeny and distribution of bean rhizobia in salt-affected soils of North-West Morocco. Symbiosis, 43 (2). pp. 83-96. ISSN 0334-5114

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Abstract/Summary

Different molecular methods: BOX-PCR fingerprinting, R-FLP-PCR and sequencing of the 16S rDNA as well as the symbiotic genes nodC and nifH, were used to study the genetic diversity within a collection of nodulating bean rhizobia isolated from five soils of North-West Morocco. BOX fingerprints analysis of 241 isolates revealed 19 different BOX profiles. According to the PFLP-PCR and sequencing of 16S rDNA carried out on 45 representative isolates, 5 genotypes were obtained corresponding to the species Rhizobium etli, R. tropici, R. gallicum, R. leguminosarum and Sinorhizobium meliloti. The most abundant species were R. etli and R. tropici (61% and 24%, respectively). A high intraspecific diversity was observed among the R. etli isolates, while the R. tropici group was homogeneous. Most of the rhizobia studied belong to species known to nodulate common bean, while 2 species were unconventional microsymbionts: R. leguminosarum biovar viciae and S. meliloti. Our results, especially the nodulation promiscuity of common bean and the relation between the predominance of some species of rhizobia in particular soils and the salt content of these soils, indicate that there is a real need for a better understanding of the distribution of common bean rhizobia species in the soils of Morocco before any inoculation attempt.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:10051
Uncontrolled Keywords:Phaseolus vulgaris, rhizobia, diversity, R. tropici, R. etli, salinity, PHASEOLUS-VULGARIS L., 16S RIBOSOMAL-RNA, GENETIC DIVERSITY, BIOVAR, PHASEOLI, EGYPTIAN SOILS, ETLI, LEGUMINOSARUM, NODULATION, GALLICUM, POPULATIONS

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