Amplified fragment length polymorphism genetic fingerprinting challenges the taxonomic status of the near-endemic species Chara curta Nolte ex Kutz. (Characeae)
O'Reilly, C. L., Cowan, R. S. and Hawkins, J. A. (2007) Amplified fragment length polymorphism genetic fingerprinting challenges the taxonomic status of the near-endemic species Chara curta Nolte ex Kutz. (Characeae). Botanical Journal of The Linnean Society, 155 (4). pp. 467-476. ISSN 0024-4074
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Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) genetic fingerprinting of 14 accessions of Chara curta and Chara aspera Willd., sampled across a range of habitats and morphologies in Britain, suggests that these taxa are part of the variation within a single species complex. Two primer combinations generating 397 fragments (97% of which were polymorphic), analysed by Jaccard's similarity coefficient and principal co-ordinate analysis, did not recover groups which reflect the current taxonomy. By contrast with the genetic study, a Gower general similarity coefficient and principal co-ordinate analysis of 52 morphological characters recovered the currently recognized species groups. A Mantel test showed no significant correlation between the genetic data and the morphological data, supporting the hypothesis that phenotypic variability in Chara L. is either to some extent environmentally induced or represents developmental stages. Implications for the conservation status of C. curta in Britain are discussed. (c) 2007 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 155, 467-476.
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