Realizability of Point Processes
Kuna, T., Lebowitz, J.L. and Speer, E.R. (2007) Realizability of Point Processes. Journal of Statistical Physics, 129 (3). pp. 417-439. ISSN 0022-4715
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1007/s10955-007-9393-y
There are various situations in which it is natural to ask whether a given collection of k functions, ρ j (r 1,…,r j ), j=1,…,k, defined on a set X, are the first k correlation functions of a point process on X. Here we describe some necessary and sufficient conditions on the ρ j ’s for this to be true. Our primary examples are X=ℝ d , X=ℤ d , and X an arbitrary finite set. In particular, we extend a result by Ambartzumian and Sukiasian showing realizability at sufficiently small densities ρ 1(r). Typically if any realizing process exists there will be many (even an uncountable number); in this case we prove, when X is a finite set, the existence of a realizing Gibbs measure with k body potentials which maximizes the entropy among all realizing measures. We also investigate in detail a simple example in which a uniform density ρ and translation invariant ρ 2 are specified on ℤ; there is a gap between our best upper bound on possible values of ρ and the largest ρ for which realizability can be established.