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Restricted expression of NADPH oxidase/peroxidase gene (Duox) in zone VII of the ascidian endostyle

Hiruta, J., Mazet, F. and Ogasawara, M. (2006) Restricted expression of NADPH oxidase/peroxidase gene (Duox) in zone VII of the ascidian endostyle. Cell and Tissue Research, 326 (3). pp. 835-841. ISSN 0302-766X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00441-006-0220-6

Abstract/Summary

The ascidian Ciona intestinalis, a marine invertebrate chordate, is an emerging model system for developmental and evolutionary studies. The endostyle, one of the characteristic organs of ascidians, is a pharyngeal structure with iodine-concentrating and peroxidase activities and is therefore considered to be homologous to the follicular thyroid of higher vertebrates. We have previously reported that a limited part of the endostyle (zone VII) is marked by the expression of orthologs of the thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and thyroid transcription factor-2 (TTF-2/FoxE) genes. In this study, we have identified the Ciona homolog of NADPH oxidase/peroxidase (Duox), which provides hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for iodine metabolism by TPO in the vertebrate thyroid. Expression patterns assessed by in situ hybridization have revealed that Ciona Duox (Ci-Duox) is predominantly expressed in the dorsal part of zone VII of the endostyle. Furthermore, two-color fluorescent in situ hybridization with Ci-Duox and Ciona TPO (CiTPO) has revealed that the ventral boundary of the Ci-Duox domain of expression is more dorsal than that of CiTPO. We have also characterized several genes, such as Ci-Fgf8/17/18, 5HT7, and Ci-NK4, which are predominantly expressed in the ventral part of zone VII, in a region complementary to the Ci-Duox expression domain. These observations suggest that, at the molecular level, zone VII has a complex organization that might have some impact on the specification of cell types and functions in this thyroid-equivalent element of the ascidian endostyle.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10169
Uncontrolled Keywords:endostyle, thyroid, dual oxidase (Duox), thyroid peroxidase, ascidian,, Ciona intestinalis (Tunicata), CHORDATE CIONA-INTESTINALIS, THYROID-GLAND, FINE STRUCTURE, PEROXIDASE, EVOLUTION, HOMOLOGS, SYSTEM, IODINE, MODEL, PART

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