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Histone H4 gene expression and morphological changes on shoot apices of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) during floral induction

Kurokura, T., Inaba, Y. and Sugiyama, N. (2006) Histone H4 gene expression and morphological changes on shoot apices of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) during floral induction. Scientia Horticulturae, 110 (2). pp. 192-197. ISSN 0304-4238

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2006.07.013

Abstract/Summary

To investigate flower induction in June-bearing strawberry plants, morphological changes in shoot apices and Historic H4 expression in the central zone during flower initiation were observed. Strawberry plants were placed under flower inducible, short-day conditions (23 degrees C/17 degrees C, 10 h day length) for differing number of days (8, 16, 20, 24 or 32 days) and then these plants were transferred to non-inducible, long-day conditions (25 degrees C/20 degrees C, 14 h day length). The shoot apices of plants placed under short-day conditions for 8 days were flat, similar to shoot apices of plants in the vegetative phase of development, and Histone H4 was not expressed in the central zone during the experimental period. On the other hand, the shoot apices of plants placed under short-day conditions for 16 days remained flat, similar to shoot apices of plants placed under short-day conditions for 8 days, but Histone H4 was expressed in the central zone at the end of the short-day treatment. Morphological changes in the shoot apices of these plants were observed 8 days after the change in day-length. These plants developed differentiated flower organs after they were grown for another 30 days under long-day conditions. These results indicate that changes in the expression pattern of the Histone H4 gene occur before morphological changes during flower induction and that the expression of the gene in the central zone can be used as one of the indicators of the flowering process in strawberries. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10186
Uncontrolled Keywords:phase transition, shoot apical meristem, vegetative, reproductive, flowering, CELL-CYCLE, ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY, FLOWER INITIATION, S-PHASE, ARABIDOPSIS, GROWTH, PHOTOPERIOD, MERISTEM, PLANTS, APEX

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