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Monitoring growth of hard corals as performance indicators for coral reefs

Crabbe, M. J. C., Karaviotis, S. and Smith, D. J. (2004) Monitoring growth of hard corals as performance indicators for coral reefs. Journal of Biological Education, 38 (3). pp. 113-117. ISSN 0021-9266

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Abstract/Summary

Digital videophotography, computer image analysis and physical measurements have been used to monitor sedimentation rates, coral cover, genera richness, rugosity and estimated recruitment dates of massive corals at three different sites in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, Indonesia, and on the reefs around Discovery Bay, Jamaica. Semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders in the Wakatobi Marine National Park indicated that coral mining was extensively practised, and is responsible for the absence of large non-branching corals on the Sampela reef Blast fishing is also practised in the Wakatobi Marine Park, and the authors, together with students, showed that blast fishing resulted in coral bleaching and not mortality of two Porites lutea colonies. In addition, we showed that monitoring of bleaching in Porites colonies induced by blast fishing could be a useful way of monitoring blast fishing practices in susceptible areas in the Indo-Pacific. The techniques used in this study are appropriate for use by volunteers with sufficient training, and provide excellent projects for dissertation students reading undergraduate degrees.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10459
Uncontrolled Keywords:ecological modelling, porites, bleaching, coral growth, videophotography, image analysis, blast fishing, coral mining

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