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Educational and psychosocial programmes for adolescents with diabetes: approaches, outcomes and cost-effectiveness

Gage, H., Hampson, S., Skinner, T. C., Hart, J., Storey, L., Foxcroft, D., Kimber, A., Cradock, S. and McEvilly, E. A. (2004) Educational and psychosocial programmes for adolescents with diabetes: approaches, outcomes and cost-effectiveness. Patient Education and Counseling, 53 (3). pp. 333-346. ISSN 0738-3991

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2003.06.003

Abstract/Summary

Diabetes incurs heavy personal and health system costs. Self-management is required if complications are to be avoided. Adolescents face particular challenges as they learn to take responsibility for their diabetes. A systematic review of educational and psychosocial programmes for adolescents with diabetes was undertaken. This aimed to: identify and categorise the types of programmes that have been evaluated; assess the cost-effectiveness of interventions; identify areas where further research is required. Sixty-two papers were identified and Subjected to a narrative review. Generic programmes focus on knowledge/skills, psychosocial issues, and behaviour/self-management. They result in modest improvements across a range of outcomes but improvements are often not sustained, suggesting a need for continuous support, possibly integrated into normal care. In-hospital education at diagnosis confers few advantages over home treatment. The greatest returns may be obtained by targeting poorly controlled individuals. Few studies addressed resourcing issues and robust cost-effectiveness appraisals are required to identify interventions that generate the greatest returns on expenditure. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10492
Uncontrolled Keywords:educational programmes, adolescents, diabetes, cost-effectiveness, METABOLIC-CONTROL, GLYCEMIC CONTROL, SELF-MANAGEMENT, PERSONAL MODELS, ANCHORED INSTRUCTION, SOCIAL SUPPORT, ECONOMIC-EVALUATION, GROUP, INTERVENTION, STRESS MANAGEMENT, PATIENT EDUCATION

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