The role of the melanocortin 3 receptor in mediating the effects of gamma-MSH peptides on the adrenal
Harmer, S. C. and Bicknell, A. B. (2004) The role of the melanocortin 3 receptor in mediating the effects of gamma-MSH peptides on the adrenal. Endocrine Research, 30 (4). pp. 629-635. ISSN 0743-5800
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1081/erc-200043906
The pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides, pro-gamma-MSH (16K fragment), and Lys-gamma(3)-MSH, have been shown to potentiate the steroidogenic action of corticotrophin (ACTH) on the adrenal cortex. Using a continuously perfused adrenal cell column system, we have tested the hypothesis that gamma-MSH peptides exert their effect through the Melanocortin 3 Receptor (MC3-R), since this is the only known receptor to have high affinity for gamma-MSH peptides and has been suggested to be expressed in the rat adrenal. To investigate this hypothesis we tested whether the MC3-R agonist MTII and antagonist SHU9119 could mimic or block the actions of pro-gamma-MSH. We found that MTII could not mimic, and SHU9119 could not block pro-gamma-MSH mediated potentiation of ACTH-induced steroidogenesis. These results suggest that the MC3-R is not involved in mediating the potentiation effect, adding further evidence to the argument that another melanocortin receptor exists.