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Malacosporean-like spores in urine of rainbow trout react with antibody and DNA probes to Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae

Hedrick, R. P., Baxa, D. V., De Kinkelin, P. and Okamura, B. (2004) Malacosporean-like spores in urine of rainbow trout react with antibody and DNA probes to Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae. Parasitology Research, 92 (1). pp. 81-88. ISSN 0932-0113

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00436-003-0986-3

Abstract/Summary

Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae is the myxozoan parasite causing proliferative kidney disease (PKD) of salmonid fishes in Europe and North America. The complete life cycle of the parasite remains unknown despite recent discoveries that the stages infectious for fish develop in freshwater bryozoans. During the course of examinations of the urine of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with or recovering from PKD we identified spores with features similar to those of T. bryosalmonae found in the bryozoan host. Spores found in the urine were subspherical, with a width of 16 mum and height of 14 mum, and possessed two soft valves surrounding two spherical polar capsules (2 mum in diameter) and a single sporoplasm. The absence of hardened valves is a distinguishing characteristic of the newly established class Malacosporea that includes T. bryosalmonae as found in the bryozoan host. The parasite in the urine of rainbow trout possessed only two polar capsules and two valve cells compared to the four polar capsules and four valves observed in the spherical spores of 19 mum in diameter from T. bryosalmonae from the bryozoan host. Despite morphological differences, a relationship between the spores in the urine of rainbow trout and T. bryosalmonae was demonstrated by binding of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and DNA probes specific to T. bryosalmonae.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10514
Uncontrolled Keywords:PROLIFERATIVE KIDNEY-DISEASE, ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS WALBAUM, SALMO-GAIRDNERI RICHARDSON, CRISTATELLA-MUCEDO BRYOZOA, CAUSATIVE, AGENT, PKX ORGANISM, MOLECULAR EVIDENCE, MYXOBOLUS-CEREBRALIS, PHYLUM, MYXOZOA, FISH

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