Antagonistic activities of selected fungal isolates against Armillaria mellea
Raziq, F. and Fox, R.T.V. (2004) Antagonistic activities of selected fungal isolates against Armillaria mellea. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 22 (1). pp. 41-56. ISSN 0144-8765
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The antagonistic activities of six selected fungal isolates against Armilloria mellea were studied on two different concentrations of three media, on fungicides-amended malt extract agar (MEA) medium, and in glasshouse pots filled with John Innes No.2 compost and natural field soil. Trichoderma hamatum isolate Tham1 was found the most effective in reducing Armillaria growths on both the low and high concentrations of malt extract, potato dextrose and V-8 juice in MEA, potato dextrose agar (PDA) and V-8 juice agar (VJA), respectively, followed by T. harzianum isolate Th2 and T. viride isolate Tv3. Neither dose rate (200 or 2000 mg l(-1)) of fenpropidin allowed any growth of Armillaria on MEA, while that of the antagonists was also completely inhibited or greatly restricted. However, both dose rates of fosetyl-A1 allowed the growth of Armillaria and almost all the antagonists. Data on colony diameters of Armillaria showed Tham1 as the most effective antagonist along with Th2, Th23 and Tv3. Tham1 was also found the most effective in protecting hazel billets from colonization by Armillaria, followed by Th2 and Th23. Compared with 7.1 colonized billets in the inoculated controls, only 1.3, 2.6 and 2.7 billets (out of ten) were colonized, respectively, when protected with these antagonists. The results indicate that the Trichoderma isolates are able to maintain their antagonistic effects on A. mellea under a variety of nutritional, chemical and edaphic regimes. More investigations are needed to develop a system of control for the disease with these potential antagonists.
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