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Effect of time of day and rabbit strain on patterns of aortic wall permeability

Staughton, T. J. and Weinberg, P. D. (2004) Effect of time of day and rabbit strain on patterns of aortic wall permeability. Experimental Physiology, 89 (1). pp. 109-118. ISSN 0958-0670

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.2003.002635

Abstract/Summary

Lipid deposits occur more frequently downstream of branch points than upstream in immature rabbit and human aortas but the opposite pattern is seen in mature vessels. These distributions correlate spatially with age-related patterns of aortic permeability, observed in rabbits, and may be determined by them. The mature but not the immature pattern of permeability is dependent on endogenous nitric oxide synthesis. Although the transport patterns have hitherto seemed robust, recent studies have given the upstream pattern in some mature rabbits but the downstream pattern in others. Here we show that transport in mature rabbits is significantly skewed to the downstream pattern in the afternoon compared with the morning (P < 0.05), and switches from a downstream to an upstream pattern at around 21 months in rabbits of the Murex strain, but at twice this age in Highgate rabbits (P < 0.001). The effect of time of day was not explained by changes in nitric oxide production, assessed from plasma levels of nitrate and nitrate, nor did it correlate with conduit artery tone, assessed from the shape of the peripheral pulse wave. The effect of strain could not be explained by variation in nitric oxide production nor by differences in wall structure. The effects of time of day and rabbit strain on permeability patterns explain recent discrepancies, provide a useful tool for investigating underlying mechanisms and may have implications for human disease.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10620
Uncontrolled Keywords:ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT VASODILATATION, CHOLESTEROL-FED RABBITS, TERM, ALBUMIN UPTAKE, ARTERIAL-WALL, NITRIC-OXIDE, FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPY, TRANSPORT-PROPERTIES, LIPID DEPOSITION, IN-VIVO, TISSUE

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