Neurokinin B is a paracrine vasodilator in the human fetal placental circulation
Brownbill, P., Bell, N. J., Woods, R. J., Lowry, P. J., Page, N. M. and Sibley, C. P. (2003) Neurokinin B is a paracrine vasodilator in the human fetal placental circulation. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 88 (5). pp. 2164-2170. ISSN 0021-972X
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1210/jc.2002-021727
Neurokinin (NK) B is a member of the tachykinin family of neurotransmitters, exerting hypotensive or hypertensive effects in the mammalian vasculature through synaptic release from peripheral neurons, according to either NK1 and NK2 or NK3 receptor subtype expression, respectively. There is recent evidence that NKB is expressed by the syncytiotrophoblast of the human placenta, an organ that is not innervated. We hypothesized that NKB is a paracrine modulator of tone in the fetal placental circulation. We tested this hypothesis using the in vitro perfused human placental cotyledon. Our data show that NKB is a dilator of the fetal vasculature, causing a maximal 25.1+/-4.5% (mean+/-SEM; n=5) decrease in fetal-side arterial hydrostatic pressure (5-muM NKB bolus; effective concentration in the circulation, 1.89 nM) after preconstriction with U-46619. RT-PCR demonstrated the presence of mRNA for NK1 and NK2 tachykinin receptors in the placenta. Using selective receptor antagonists, we found that NKB-induced vasodilation is through the NK1 receptor subtype. We found no evidence for the involvement of either nitric oxide or prostacyclin in this response. This study demonstrates a paracrine role for NKB in the regulation of fetal placental vascular tone.