Induction of cytochrome P-450 activity in individual Chironomus riparius Meigen larvae exposed to xenobiotics
Fisher, T., Crane, M. and Callaghan, A. (2003) Induction of cytochrome P-450 activity in individual Chironomus riparius Meigen larvae exposed to xenobiotics. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 54 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 0147-6513
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/S0147-6513(02)00031-3
Cytochrome P450 activity in individual Chironomus riparius larvae was measured using a microtiter plate adaptation of the ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) assay. The sensitivity of this biomarker was tested by exposing larvae to phenobarbital (0.5 and 1.0 mM) and permethrin (1 and 10 mug/g). Both chemicals induced EROD activity in C. riparius larvae by up to 1.58-fold with PB and 2.47-fold with permethrin. EROD induction was more pronounced after 48 h. The initially high EROD activity in the controls suggested that P450s are induced by stress. Feeding levels prior to exposure also had a significant effect on EROD activity. EROD activity compared to the control was highest when larvae were fed double the normal ration. These results indicate that EROD activity in individual C. riparius may be a useful biomarker to add to a suite of biomarkers for the detection of freshwater pollution. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.