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Constitutive oligomerization of human D-2 dopamine receptors expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) and in HEK293 cells - Analysis using co-immunoprecipitation and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer

Gazi, L., Lopez-Gimenez, J. F., Rudiger, M. P. and Strange, P. G. (2003) Constitutive oligomerization of human D-2 dopamine receptors expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) and in HEK293 cells - Analysis using co-immunoprecipitation and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer. European Journal of Biochemistry, 270 (19). pp. 3928-3938. ISSN 0014-2956

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2003.03773.x

Abstract/Summary

Human D-2Long (D-2L) and D-2Short (D-2S) dopamine receptor isoforms were modified at their N-terminus by the addition of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or a FLAG epitope tag. The receptors were then expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) cells using the baculovirus system, and their oligomerization was investigated by means of co-immunoprecipitation and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). [H-3] Spiperone labelled D-2 receptors in membranes prepared from Sf9 cells expressing epitope-tagged D-2L or D-2S receptors, with a pK(d) value of approximate to 10. Co-immunoprecipitation using antibodies specific for the tags showed constitutive homo-oligomerization of D-2L and D-2S receptors in Sf9 cells. When the FLAG-tagged D-2S and HIV-tagged D-2L receptors were co-expressed, co-immunoprecipitation showed that the two isoforms can also form hetero-oligomers in Sf9 cells. Time-resolved FRET with europium and XL665-labelled antibodies was applied to whole Sf9 cells and to membranes from Sf9 cells expressing epitope-tagged D-2 receptors. In both cases, constitutive homo-oligomers were revealed for D-2L and D-2S isoforms. Time-resolved FRET also revealed constitutive homo-oligomers in HEK293 cells expressing FLAG-tagged D-2S receptors. The D-2 receptor ligands dopamine, R-(-) propylnorapomorphine, and raclopride did not affect oligomerization of D-2L and D-2S in Sf9 and HEK293 cells. Human D-2 dopamine receptors can therefore form constitutive oligomers in Sf9 cells and in HEK293 cells that can be detected by different approaches, and D-2 oligomerization in these cells is not regulated by ligands.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
ID Code:10743
Uncontrolled Keywords:G protein-coupled receptors, D-2 dopamine receptor, oligomerization, Sf9 cells, HEK293 cells, PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS, DELTA-OPIOID RECEPTOR, LIVING CELLS, AGONIST, REGULATION, TRANSFER BRET, INSECT CELLS, IN-VIVO, DIMERIZATION, HETERODIMERIZATION, ACTIVATION

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